America's Revolutionary Era
By: Brayden Beck
American Road To Revolution
After the French and Indian war. England placed a series of 12 Taxes on the colonists. They did this because England wanted more money. Ranging from tax on tea called the Tea Act to making soldiers be able to stay at your house which is the Quartering Act. every time the King made another tax the colonist got more mad. Until they couldn't stand it. The colonist started acting out. One of the most famous events is called, The Boston Tea Party. During this event in the Boston Harbor hundreds of tea boxes were dumped into the harbor. The Intolerable Acts were the last straw. In 1774 the colonist band together and formed a collective resistance against Britain.
Lexington & Concord - 1776
- The Battles of Lexington and Concord are 2 different Battles
- Paul Revere warned the Colonist that the British were coming by riding his horse from town to town.
- No one knows who fired first to start the war.
- When the British arrived in Concord they were surprised by the Minute Men.
- These battles started the war .
Common Sense - published on 1/10/1776
- Challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy.
- Was the first work that openly asked for independence from Great Britain
- The book argued that colonist should make the laws instead of the kings and queens
- sold over 500,000 copies
- Changed the way citizens viewed the king.
Declaration of Independence - 7/4/1776
- Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence
- The Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and The Mayflower Compact influenced the Declaration.
- The Purpose for The Declaration of Independence is to explain the reasons for the independence
- it was written to King George III
- Was adopted by the Second Continental Congress.
The Battle of Saratoga - 1777
- The British Viewed us as Ignorant Farmers that could be swept away by British soldiers
- The British lost the battle and was a major turning point in the war.
- It gave the colonist hope.
- Known as the turning point in the revolution.
- The British were shocked but the soldiers didn't understand that they had to win.
Valley Forge - Winter of 1777-1778
- The valley Forge was a test to the Continental troops
- George Washington and his men faced disease, cold, lack of food here.
- This tested how far the soldiers would push to have freedom
- George Washington trained and disciplined his troops during this time
- BAron Von Steuben and MArquis de LAfayette helped Washington train his troops
The Battle of Yorktown - 1781
- During this event the French and Americans cornered the British into the at Yorktown, Virginia.
- The French blocked the ports so they couldn't escape by the sea
- British General Charles Cornwallis did not take part in the surrender ceremony, saying that he was ill.
- In reality, the British commander could not bear to surrender publicly to an army that he looked down on as weak
- The battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the war
Treaty of Paris - 1783
- The Treaty of Paris formally ended the war.
- The colonist defeated the British
- The British had to recognize the colonies independence
- British promised to remove all of the troops
- The new western boundary is the Mississippi River