Fungal

Ringworm

Ringworm

A contagious itching skin disease occurring in small circular patches, caused by any of a number of fungi and affecting chiefly the scalp or the feet. The most common form is athlete's foot.
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Characteristics

  • Medical term as tinea corporis
  • Ringworm is a lesion that starts as a flat, scaly spot which then develops a raised border that advances outward in a circle.
  • Red, raised, and scaly
  • Ringworm is a dermatophyte infection.
  • Fungi that infect and survive on dead keratin

Symptoms

People may experience:

Skin: darkening of the skin, peeling, flakiness, fissures, red rashes, or scaly patches

Also common: hair loss or itchy scalp


  • Itchy, red, raised, scaly patches that may blister and ooze.
  • The patches tend to have sharply-defined edges.
  • Red patches are often redder around the outside with normal skin tone in the center. This may look like a ring.

Treatment


Antifungal: Itraconazole (Sporanox), Terbinafine by mouth (Lamisil), Fluconazole

Antifungal to the affected area: Butenafine, Oxiconazole (Oxistat), Sulconazole, Naftifine (Naftin), Terbinafine (Lamisil), Econazole (Spectazole)

Other treatments: Ciclopirox to the affected area (Ciclodan), Griseofulvin (Gris-Peg)




Self-treatment

Antifungal: Clotrimazole to the affected area (Lotrimin), Miconazole to the affected area (Zeasorb), Ketoconazole

Other treatments: Pyrithione zinc to the affected area, Tolnaftate to the affected area, Selenium sulfide to the affected area




Also common

Preventive: Hygiene

History

The following are the most common fungi responsible for ringworm:



  • Trichophyton rubrum
  • Microsporum canis
  • Trichophyton mentagrophytes


Ringworm is a fairly common skin problem throughout the world.

Bibliography


Works Cited

Brannon, MD Heather. "Ringworm - Tinea Corporis." Web. 14 Mar. 2015. <http://dermatology.about.com/cs/fungalinfections/a/ringworm.htm>.


"How Common Is Ringworm?" Health Blog Atom. Web. 14 Mar. 2015. <http://healthyone.org/how-common-is-ringworm/>.