The Six Nutrients

By Amelia Seuferer, 4th period, Ms. Thelke

Carbohydrates:

Definition: A group of nutrients that includes the organic compounds like sugar starch.
Function of it in the Body: Its the main source of energy for the body
Food groups: Sugars (honey, jam, sugar, and molasses), Fiber (Fresh fruit and veggies), and Starch (Breads, cereals, corn, peas, potatoes, and macaroni products)

Deficiencies: Muscle wasting, Unhealthy weight loss, Dehydration, and low sodium levels

Water:

Definition: A chemical combination of oxygen and hydrogen
Function: All cells in the human body needs water to survive, it is about 2/3 of our body weight, it also helps get rid of unneeded substances from the body, helps keep your body temperature normal, and keeps your joints and body cells moving.
Food groups: Water, milk, clear soups, fruit juices, and most of the food we consume contains water. Especially fresh fruit and vegetables.
Deficiencies: Heat stroke, Dehydration, and even death

Protein:

Definition: In nutrition, proteins are broken down in the stomach during digestion by stomach acids and help us to gain more muscle tone.
Function: It helps you build and repair tissues, supplies energy when you need it, and helps make antibodies and some vitamins.
Food Groups: Meat, fish, milk, peanuts, grains, and eggs.
Deficiencies: Marasmus, Kwashiorkor, Protein S and Protein C Deficiency, Cachexia

Fat:

Definition: Form of energy, a source of energy for the body.
Function:Supplies energy, can carry fat-soluble vitamins, protect vital organs, and serves as a source of very important fatty acid.
Food groups: Butter, margarine, cheese, nuts, whole milk, chocolate, bacon, and dressings.

Deficiencies: Liver disease and Acid Lipase Disease

Vitamins

Definition: Essential nutrients the body cannot produce, but are needed in small amounts to help the human be alive and well.
Function: Normal growth maintenance and reproduction
Food groups: egg yolk, dark green vegetables, butter, sun, leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, pork, ice cream, peanut butter, muscle meats, yogurt, and cheese
Deficiencies: For fat soluble is very easy to take too much and get yourself toxicity, or poisoning from the vitamins.


Minerals:

Definition: Inorganic substances that make up the other 4% of your body weight
Function:They become part of bones, soft tissues, body fluids, and help regulate body processes.
Food groups: Milk, protein sources, table salt, shellfish, lean meats, dried fruits, and peas.

Deficiencies: Iron overdose, arthritis, heat disease, diabetes, and cancer.