Vocabulary Unit 4

Diana Montalva

1) Red Scare

promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism

2) Palmer Raids

a series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States.

3) Nativism

the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants

4) Klu Klux Klan

a secret organization in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many laws and violent proceedings.

5) Fundamentalism

a form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture

6) Prohibition

The the prevention by law of the manufacture and sale of alcohol, especially in the US between 1920 and 1933

7) Speakeasy

a secret place during the 1920s that served liquor

8) Flappers

a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and acting different than other women during the 20s

9) Art Deco

an influential visual arts design style, that appeared to be very symmetrical

10) Model T

Affordable car during the 20s that was able to be purchased by everyone

11) Harlem Renaissances

A literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity, and happened in Harlem which was surrounded by cities like Manhattan.

12) Back to Africa Movement

An encouragement for those of African descent to return back to their homelands.

14) NAACP

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was an organization that strove to promote equality, particularly between African-Americans and whites.

13) Cubism

Cubism was an abstract art form that "broke apart" and reassembled objects

15) Jazz

Jazz is a form of music that has its roots in African-American folk music, such as field calls of the slave era, ragtime and swing music, and march music.

16) Surrealism

Surrealism was an art form that blended reality with fantasy

17) Les Fauves

Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.

18) Eugenics

the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics.

19) Installment plans

The method of buying large ticket items with a small deposit and installment payment plan was a feature of the 1920's.

20) 18th Amendment

The 18th Amendment prohibited alcohol, which later one led to the establishment of the Prohibition Era.

21) 19th Amendment

The 19th Amendment granted women suffrage, and was the culmination of the Women's Suffrage Movement.

22) 21st Amendment

The 21st Amendment was the legalization of alcohol therefore ending the prohibition Era.

23) National Origins Act

The National Origins Act of 1924 established a quota system, by which the number of immigrants from a given country allowed into the United States

24) Volstead Act

enforced Prohibition; and it also enforced the 18th Amendment by proscribing alcohol as well as its sale as well as transport.

25) Sacco & Vanzeti

Italian immigrants who also happened to be suspected anarchists; they were accused of murder, Sacco and Vanzetti were executed by electric chair in 1927, despite the fact that they claimed that they were innocent.

26) Scopes and Trials

John T. Scopes, an American biology teacher, volunteered to challenge the Butler Act (which prohibited teaching anything but creationism in the classroom) by teaching the theory of evolution. For this reason, his trial famously became known as the John T. Scopes "Monkey" Trial.

27) Al Capone

American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit.

28) Warren Harding

Warren Harding was the 29th president of the united states. He was known as the president with many scandals.

29) Calvin Coolige

John Calvin Coolidge was the 30th President of the United States. A lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state.

30) Marcus Garvey

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, was a Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements

31) Zora Neale Hurston

Zora Neale Hurston was an African-American anthropologist and writer who acquired much of her fame during the Harlem Renaissance.

32) Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, and playwright whose African-American themes made him a primary contributor to the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.

33) Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong was a trumpeter, bandleader, singer, soloist, film star and comedian. Considered one of the most influential artists in jazz history

34) Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington was an American composer, pianist and bandleader who composed thousands of scores over his 50-year career.