Art From the Holocaust

K. Rush 2

Introduction

During World War II, many Jewish were writing poems, journals, or drawing pictures. Luckily, most pieces of art from the Holocaust survived through the years. After World War II, when the Allies won and liberated the concentration camps, Hitler broke into homes of the Jewish people and stole their artwork as Blood Money.

Stolen Art

When the Nazis stole the art, the Allies sent a group of people called the Monuments Men to save all the art. The Monuments Men found nearly 700,000 pieces of art and returned it to the country it was stolen from. The government of that country was supposed to return it to the rightful owner but some could not be found. The effort to save stolen art is still continuing today, but it is not viewed as top priority. In 1998 a lot of countries pitched in to the effort to save stolen art. On June 30, thirty-nine countries signed a pledge to find and return stolen art from Holocaust victims.

Literature

The Jewish people wrote diaries, journals, or other forms of literature as therapy, or to find courage in dark times. One famous example is Anne Frank who wrote in hope that one day everything in the world would be at peace again.

Facts

1.Blood Money is money in exchange for a life

2.Hitler actually paid for some of his art

3.The Nazi Gold Train had $200 million dollars worth of art

4.The Nazi Gold Train was a regular train (not gold)

5.Monuments Men was comprised of approximately 345 men

6. The Nazis stole the art to show that they were supreme in money

Conclusion

Hitler stole around 700,000 plus art from the Jewish people. He hid most of this art on trains that still have not been found today.

Citation

American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. "Holocaust Restitution: Recovering Stolen Art." Web. 26 Jan. 2016.https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/lostart.html

Dan, Amanda Borschel. Hitler Assesses Looted Art. Digital image. Will Victims of the Greatest Nazi Theft Finally Get a Fair Hearing? Dec.-Jan. 2013. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.timesofisrael.com/will-victims-of-the-greatest-theft-in-history-finally-get-a-fair-hearing/>.

Edsel, Robert. "The Monuments Men | Official Site." The Monuments Men | Official Site. Web. 25 Jan. 2016.http://www.monumentsmen.com/the-monuments-men/monuments-men-roster

Spielberg, Steven, comp. Holocaust. London: Dorling Kindersley, 2007. Print.

Smithsonian. "Where the Nazis Hid $3.5 Billion of Stolen Art." Smithsonian.com. Web. 1 Feb. 2016. <http://www.smithsonianmag.com/videos/category/arts-culture/where-the-nazis-hid-35-billion-of-stolen-art/>.

University of South Florida. "Holocaust Literature: The Voices of Victims." Holocaust Literature: The Voices of Victims. Web. 29 Jan. 2016.http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/arts/litvicti.htm

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. "Josef Nassy." Holocaust. Web. 29 Jan. 2016.


Links

The Monuments Men link lists the most of the people in the monuments men party, and the Jewish Virtual Library goes in depth of the stolen art and Monuments Men