Camryn Blanchard

Seven Principles of the Constitution

Popular Sovereignty

Definition: Rule by the people.

This means the people participate by voting.

Example: people can run for office, campaign for individuals for who run, or protest decisions made by others.

Republicanism

Definition: The right of the people to vote for representatives.

This means: You can't have the whole population vote on everything, so you vote on people who share similar beliefs and allow them to vote.

Federalism

Definition: Power shared between the national and the states government.

This means: In our system, the national governments ones have ultimate authority, but states have a lot to say in what goes on as well.

Examples of powers:

•powers for the national: Delegated Powers

•powers for the state: Reserved Powers

•powers shared between both the state and national are concurrent powers.

Separation of Powers

Definition: Relating to three separate branches of government

This means: So one person or one group of people do not control everything and become to powerful.

Checks and Balances

Definition: Each of the three branches of government has a little control, or check, on the other 2 branches.

This balances power between the 3, ensuring that none of the branches get out of control.

Example: Federal judges are nominated by the president, but have to be approved by Congress.

Limited Governments

Definition: everyone is bound by the U.S. Constitution.

This means: Everyone has to follow the same laws, even members of the government.

Example: If a Representative killed a man, he would face a trial jury just like everybody else.

Individual Rights

Definition: Individual rights of people and their personal freedoms that are guerenteed by the bill of rights.

This Means: The Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments, was created to list out all of these rights so people know when the government tries to take them away.

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