Jackson; Hero or Villain?

By: Charles Corrado, Wyatt Schmon, Will Supper

White Male Suffrage

Universal White Male Suffrage is the idea that all WHITE men, regardless of income or background are legally allowed to vote for the next president. Until 1828, this idea had not yet existed. Some say the universal suffrage was what allowed Jackson to win the election, getting huge numbers from outraged citizens still angry about John Q. Adams winning even though he didn't receive the popular vote.

Spoils System

While Jackson held the presidency he participated in what many people call the 'Spoils System'. This is where when you win, you systematically replace people in office with people who support you. In fact, the name was supposed to be a derogatory term. Most of Jackson's opposing politicians said that this practice resulted in nearly 700 govt. official's jobs being redacted.

Indian Relocation/Trail of Tears

At some cotton farmer's requests, the federal government began to force natives from their homelands to specially designated 'Indian Territory'. This journey which was often deadly was called the Trail of Tears. The plan didn't even work that well either. By 1838, only about 2,000 Cherokees had left their Georgia homeland for Indian territory.

Tariffs of Abominations

On April 22, 1828 the Tariff of Abominations was signed into law. The tariff sought to protect northern and western agricultural products from competition with foreign imports; however, the resulting tax on foreign goods would raise the cost of living in the South and would cut into the profits of New England's industrialists.

Bank War

When Alexander Hamilton called for a Bank of the United States in his Report on a National Bank, he envisioned a central bank that would sustain a developing national economy. The bank would, through the creation of bank “notes,” replace some of the gold and silver money in circulation. This would allow for the growth in business activity without the need to rely solely on exports to increase money supply. Still, there continued to be considerable opposition to it as an institution. Many congressmen argued that the bank was unconstitutional, possessed a monopoly on money, and favored the commercial North over the agricultural South.

Peggy Eaton

The Eaton affair was a scandal involving members of Andrew Jackson's Cabinet and their wives, who socially ostracized John Eaton, the Secretary of War and his wife Peggy over disapproval of the circumstances surrounding their marriage. The affair had a radical impact on the Jackson administration and led to the resignation of several cabinet members, and Jackson's subsequent reliance on an informal "Kitchen Cabinet".

His Role in the War of 1812

During the War of 1812, Jackson was appointed a Major General and sent to New Orleans to prepare the city's defenses against an impending British attack. His army of Tennessee and Kentucky volunteers defeated an invading British force of 7500 men and forced the British to withdraw from the region. The political future of the "Hero of New Orleans" was secured by this victory.

"King Andrew I" Nickname

Andrew Jackson was a strong president who used the office to forcefully pursue his agenda. Many political opponents, fearing Jackson's use of power, called him "King Andrew."


This 1832 cartoon uses that theme to show Jackson, dressed as a king, trampling on the Constitution. While the cartoon garnered support for the opposing Whig Party, it did little to thwart Jackson's desire to increase the power of the presidency.

Slavery

The Hermitage was a 1,000 acre, self-sustaining plantation that relied completely on the labor of enslaved African American men, women, and children. They performed the hard labor that produced The Hermitage’s cash crop, cotton. The more land Andrew Jackson accrued, the more slaves he procured to work it. Thus, the Jackson family’s survival was made possible by the profit garnered from the crops worked by the enslaved on a daily basis.

When Andrew Jackson bought The Hermitage in 1804, he owned nine enslaved African Americans. Just 25 years later that number had swelled to over 100 through purchase and reproduction. At the time of his death in 1845, Jackson owned approximately 150 people who lived and worked on the property.

We believe Jackson to be unclear.