Lily Cappuccio, Alyssa Pereira, Katrina Pacheco, Ellie Hojo

International News

The Line of Demarcation was set by Pope Alexander VI after hearing of Christopher Columbus' discoveries in 1493. The purpose of the line was to divide the New World into the East and the West. In the West, Spain had trading rights. In the East, Portugal also had the same trading rights. Part of the Line of Demarcation was in agreement with the Treaty of Tordesillas. The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the non-European world into two parts by the Line of Demarcation.

There are many potential impacts of the Line of Demarcation. First, the rest of the world viewed Spain and Portugal as arrogant because they signed a treaty exclusive to the two countries, neglecting other world powers. Also, some saw the line as unclear, and this posed potential conflicts. Eventually, other European countries and powers ignored the line completely.

Interview with a Korean Native

Interviewer: How long have you and your family been living here in Korea?

Native: I've been living here all my life, and my parents were both also born here, and all four of my grandparents were born and raised here, too. My family has lived here for as long as we can remember, for generations and probably a couple centuries.

I: When did Japan first invade your country?

N: Japan first invaded us in 1592, five years ago.

I: How do you feel about these invasions?

N: I feel outraged and appalled. I do not think these people should invade our land without our consent. They barged in and tried to take over, and I think that is just wrong. They caused us a lot of damage, and many of us are now homeless and starving. Also, illnesses have killed many of us.

I: How has it affected you and your family?

N: The Japanese burned down a town close to mine, and I have been housing a homeless family for months. I barely have enough food for everyone, and it is really hard. I lost several relatives, especially young and old, to illnesses, and it is just very sad. My situation is very difficult because there is not a lot of food left, and, if anyone in my household gets sick, we will probably all get sick, which would just be even more devastating.

I: How would you say this second attack has affected your nation as a whole?

N: We were unprepared for this second attack, so we lost many people. The rest of us have all been hanging on to our lives. Our country is struggling to survive. There are a lot less of us left, and, if we all go, our culture (obviously) goes with us.

The Slave Trade

The slave trade is happening in Africa between the Africans and all of Europe. Africans trap other Africans to sell them as slaves along the coast of Africa. These trapped Africans are brought by ship to be sold in Europe. Although it has been going on for years, the slave trade is still going strong. In fact, if anything, the slave trade is growing and becoming better and better because it is becoming increasingly popular. One major reason of its widespread popularity is that having a slave shows your wealth and prosperity and improves one's social status. Because many people want these slaves to make them look good, Europeans buy lots of slaves. Europe makes a lot of money by selling the slaves because Europe gives Africa textiles, weapons, ivory, spices, etc. This increases Europe's wealth in general and improves our economy. Overall, the slave trade is a win-win. Africa is receiving many efficient materials, and Europe's wealth is increasing.

The Philippines

The Philippines has now been claimed by Spain. Thanks to Magellan, in 1521, this archipelago is now under Spain's control. Spain has now renamed the islands after their king, Phillip II. Many people tried to convert the Filipinos to Christianity. This worked, and the Filipinos later tried to convert China and Japan. The Philippines were also a key component in Spain's trading. Spain shipped silver mined in Mexico and Peru overseas to the Philippines. They used the silver to buy goods in China. This way, large quantities of American silver flowed into the economies of Asian nations.

The Philippines are a beautiful country to visit with many mountain ranges, volcanoes, and beaches. The locals are welcoming and open to new cultural ideas. Although they converted to Christianity, the locals still hold on to their old roots. This country has a tropical charm that would whisk away any of your problems. Tickets for this journey will begin at 30 Euros.

New Advances in Technology

Many new technological advances are being introduced to aid in exploration and discovery. Exploration of the New World is very dangerous and pain-staking and requires many new advances. While traveling to new lands, it is crucial for sailors to use maps and new technology in order to successfully seize and discover new lands. Some very important technological advances are quadrants and astrolabes. Many new explorers such as Prince Henry the Navigator and Christopher Columbus used these inventions during their explorations. Astrolabes were used by sailors to measure the angles of stars. This was unique because it was new and no other machinery could do the same things. It predicted the movements and locations of the sun, moon, planets, and stars and determined latitude on land. It was invented by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus. Another important discovery is the quadrant. The quadrant is used by astrologers to determine an eclipse of the sun. It simply measures the angular height of the sun or a star. These inventions are very simple to use and very helpful in exploration and discovery of new lands and the universe.