By: Baker Cobb
The Sun, 93 million miles away shines down onto Earth. Sunlight hits water and starts heating it up. After a while, the water slowly boils and evaporates into water vapor.
Once water has evaporated into water vapor, the vapor rises and clumps together into a cloud. The cloud gets bigger, bigger, and bigger until there is a whole lot of water vapor. Then, the vapor cools down and starts to condense. When the vapor condenses, it will turn to tiny water droplets, which ill get bigger and soon fall as precipitation.
All clouds have water in them. If a cloud is over Florida, it will be warm enough to be rain. If a cloud is over New York, it might be cool enough for the rain to turn to snow. So, if a cloud is cool enough it can be snow, hail, or sleet. Of its to warm to be snow, it will melt and be water.
Once a cloud is raining, snowing, sleeting, all of it will melt and become water. This water may go into a stream, river, or an ocean. Also, it can be snow and land on a mountain, or on a town, or what ever. But, that melted water has to go somewhere. If a mountain cap melts, it can runoff into a river or something. Or, plants can absorb it. Also, The water can go into the ground as groundwater. Most likely the water will go into a body of water, evaporate, condense, then turn BACK into water, and keep on repeating.
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- Evaporation: When water turns into water vapor
- Condensation: When water cools into water droplets
- Runoff: When water runs off from maybe a melting snow cap
- Transpiration: When a plant absorbs water, then it evaporates from the plant