Social Emotional development

Birth to 2 years


  • Quality and intensity of emotion reactions.
  • passivity, irritability, and activity patterns.
  • Adjust to the temperaments of different children
  • Infants to not let changes bother them
  • children also differ in their level
  • Irritability or tendency to feel distressed


  • Strong emotional connection that develops between people.
  • infants become attached to a small group
  • cooing, kicking, gurgling, and laughing.
  • crying and clinging.
  • Separation anxiety behavior shown by infants
  • child protects because a familiar caregiver/leaving
  • appears around six months of age

changes over time

  • First 2 years after birth
  • many changes in children socially and emotionally
  • trust develops when there is predictability
  • they will feel safe and happy

birth to three months

  • Newborns do not have very refined emotions
  • Child may show excitement by looking alert
  • Distress shown by crying
  • May notice that there are no tears
  • When the child cries

three to six months

  • Child respond to people with smile
  • They may make happy sounds
  • Adults play with hold infants
  • Crying is still used to show distress
  • Tears begin to appear

six to twelve months

  • Actively involved with their caregiver
  • These children express happiness, joy and surprise
  • Make sounds in response to the speech
  • don't be surprise if your baby cries
  • At sight of stranger

twelve to twenty four months

  • Still show separation anxiety
  • may cling to parent that is leaving
  • Children become more interesting in exploring
  • start to take interest in other children
  • they do not interact much with them