The Tang Dynasty
from 618 to 907 CE
Inventions, Technology, Science & Architecture
The first emperor defeated rivals for control of China, and started the Tang dynasty. The ruler bonded with Japan by going over there for contributions in culture exchange, while Japan sent people over to China to study. When the scholars left, they took back some culture with them, like musical instruments, copper mirrors, folding screens, and broadswords. That made the Japanese and Chinese bond with each other. In 644 CE, the Tang fought against Gaoli, so that they could help the Xinluo. Except, the attacks did not work and Emperor Taizong who lead the battle died in 649 CE. Then Emperor Gaozong rose to power, because of the fallen leader, the army made an alliance with the Xinluo army and conquered Baiji. Then in 668 CE, they defeated Gauli. Later on, the Tang made friends with the Nanzhao, Since the Nanzhao was newer, they got in many wars. In 830 CE, the Nanzhao started a war with the Tang. Then, the Nanzhao captured the Cherodu, which caused a great loss for the Tang dynasty. Also, the dynasty started to begin to ignore the needs of the poor and concentrated on their own wealth. So the military started to decrease and weaken. Which unfortunately made the dynasty decline.
The Tang dynasty was based on the Confucianism. It encouraged people, and it didn't matter what family you were born into, because you would get a job based on your work. Since this was started, government officials learnt moral values.The dynasty also had important literature, music, and art. They created vases, paintings, and poetry, which were important. They had civil semile exams, which made more people study, and listened to poetry. Now, not everything was studying, because they all had a pretty interesting life. Boys went to school and learned things. School was free and not necessary to attend. While boys went to school, girls were taught things at home. So when a girl grows up and gets married, she would leave home to go live with her husbands family. Men liked hunting, fishing, polo, and a kind of football. They would also shave their heads, except keep a small circle at the top. They would wrap their hair up in a knot on the top of their heads, and they would fasten it up with hairpins. This hairstyle was called a topknot. Men did that while women dressed very differently. They wore small hats with dangling bells, and carried around makeup boxes that held a mirror, rouse, and lipstick.