The Tang Dynasty

from 618 to 907 CE

This is one of the many items that the Tang traded.


The Tang dynasty's economy went from not that strong, to a well structured and running one. Because of the Shi's rebellion before the Tang dynasty, the economy was weakend, but the Tang made it flourish rapidly. The military fought off the attacks to make peace and stability and this caused trade to be more frequent. They traded along the silk road which went for many miles. Some products that were important were spices, horses, mules, camels, colored glazes, and woolen products. Eventually, the Tang expanded the silk road more and more which helped the economy grow from more products from various places. The Tang would trade with Chang'an, Luoyang, Hexi corridor, Yutian, Kizil, Shanshan and Turpan. Some of the jobs in the Tang dynasty were merchants, soldiers, government officials, artisian, farmers and even entertainers. So as you can see, the Tang dynasty had a sophistcated and advanced running economy.
The Xumi Pagoda was a sacred temple during the Tang Dynasty.

Inventions, Technology, Science & Architecture

The Tang had a lot of achievements during their rule. Some of the things they invented were block printing, gunpowder, brandy and whiskey, dances and music, the flame thrower, and tea. Also, astronomer Monk Yixing successfully measured the meridian line. Sun Simiao wrote a medical book which was considered the treasure of Chinese traditional medicine as well. The Tang also had great architectural achievements like the Xumi Pagoda and the Zhaazhou Bridge. They also completed the Grand, repaired The Great Wall, and were working to replace wooden structures with brick and stone. The Tang worked on expanding the silk road as well. Overall, The Tang dynasty accomplished a lot of tasks that helped make China what it is today.


The first emperor defeated rivals for control of China, and started the Tang dynasty. The ruler bonded with Japan by going over there for contributions in culture exchange, while Japan sent people over to China to study. When the scholars left, they took back some culture with them, like musical instruments, copper mirrors, folding screens, and broadswords. That made the Japanese and Chinese bond with each other. In 644 CE, the Tang fought against Gaoli, so that they could help the Xinluo. Except, the attacks did not work and Emperor Taizong who lead the battle died in 649 CE. Then Emperor Gaozong rose to power, because of the fallen leader, the army made an alliance with the Xinluo army and conquered Baiji. Then in 668 CE, they defeated Gauli. Later on, the Tang made friends with the Nanzhao, Since the Nanzhao was newer, they got in many wars. In 830 CE, the Nanzhao started a war with the Tang. Then, the Nanzhao captured the Cherodu, which caused a great loss for the Tang dynasty. Also, the dynasty started to begin to ignore the needs of the poor and concentrated on their own wealth. So the military started to decrease and weaken. Which unfortunately made the dynasty decline.

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This is Emperor Taizong. He was one of the first emperors of the Tang dynasty.

Religion/Culture/Social Life

The Tang dynasty was based on the Confucianism. It encouraged people, and it didn't matter what family you were born into, because you would get a job based on your work. Since this was started, government officials learnt moral values.The dynasty also had important literature, music, and art. They created vases, paintings, and poetry, which were important. They had civil semile exams, which made more people study, and listened to poetry. Now, not everything was studying, because they all had a pretty interesting life. Boys went to school and learned things. School was free and not necessary to attend. While boys went to school, girls were taught things at home. So when a girl grows up and gets married, she would leave home to go live with her husbands family. Men liked hunting, fishing, polo, and a kind of football. They would also shave their heads, except keep a small circle at the top. They would wrap their hair up in a knot on the top of their heads, and they would fasten it up with hairpins. This hairstyle was called a topknot. Men did that while women dressed very differently. They wore small hats with dangling bells, and carried around makeup boxes that held a mirror, rouse, and lipstick.

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Pottery was very important for the the Tang dynasty. Many are still in good condition today.