facts about Vietnam
Land area: 125,622 sq mi (325,361 sq km); total area 127,244 sq mi (329,560 sq km).Infant mortality rate: 20,24/1000 life expectancy: 72.41; density per sq mi: 683.
Population (2012 est): 91,519,289 ( growth rate: 1.054%); birthrate 16.83/100.
Monetary unit: Dong
Vietnam is a long narrow country stretching from China to Gulf of Tailand.There are seven geographical regions,including the Red River delt,the Mekong River delta,narrow coastal plains and north western and central high lands. Approximately 75% of Vietnam's land area is mountainous, with only 22% available for crops, mostly in the river deltas.
Climate: The climate is shaped by monsoons,which bring rain from May to september (until november in central and southern areas). December to February are cooler months,providing some relief from heat and humidity.
Economy:The vietnam's economy was crippled by years of fighting, narrow economic policies and trade bans by the United States.Economic reforms called Doi Moi (introduced from 1986) and the lifting of trade bans in 1994 opened up greater opporties for foreign investment. Although the Asian enconomic crisis affected Vietnam ,its economy has recovered well and the rate of poverty has declined steadily since 1993.
A person gardening
The vietnam war
The vietnam war started in 1959 to 1963.
Diem,in early 1959, felt under attack and broadly reacted against all forms of opposition, which was presented as a "Communist Denunciation Campaign", as well as some significant and unwelcome people.
1963 was critical not only because the Diem government fell, but that the North, at the end of the year.
The vietnam people
Most vietnamese are Kinh, yet there are more than 54 minority ethnic groups. The national language is vietnamese. Vietnamese life reflects on Buddhist,Taoist and Confucian beliefs. There are small groups of Muslims,Christians and the Cao-Dai and Hoa Hoa sects.
Others (including indigenous beliefs) (1.23%)
Religion in Vietnam according to the 2010 survey of the Washington, D.C. This does not correspond with official figures of atheism at 81%
Indigenous religions (45.3%)
Most vietnamese live in rural areas. Their homes are often simple one or two room dwellings made of timber and thatch. In urban areas ,housing ranges from squattersettlements to large multi-storeyed brick apartments. Many vietnamese food is based on rice and vegetables also meat or fish. Illnesses such as Malaria, tuberculosis and dysentery occur frequently, made worse by malnutrition. Fees for health services have increased funding for the health system, although many poor seem to struggle to pay the fees.
The vietnamese value education highly. The challenge for vietnam is to balance economic development with the provision of essential services and opportunities for its rapidly growing population. School buildings are upgraded and essential textbooks and materials supplied for the children and teachers.