Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypts Goverment

Egyptians Legal System

The legal system in Ancient Egypt was based on common sense. The Egyptian followed the goddess Ma'at who was the goddess of justice.The law followed the teachings of Ma'at, according to the priests, about what was right and wrong. There are no remains of the written laws have been found. Many Ancient Egyptians loved to write lists and they wrote everything down they could, it is not surprising if historians learn they did write down some laws at least.

Court Systems

Ancient Egyptians did have a court system. but there was only a lower court and a high court. The lower court was made up of a group of elders in each town. The supreme high court judge was Pharaoh, to hear the case and act as judge. When there was a argument in lower court, both sides were heard, and a common sense decision was made by the lower court based on the facts presented. However, if you did not like the decision of the lower court, you could come before the Vizier on a first come, first served basis, and present your case again. Even though the Vizier tried to be fair, it was not smart to come before the Vizier unless your case was serious, and you had evidence to show that the lower court's decision was in error because the Vizier's decision was final. You could end up in more trouble than you were in already by demanding to have your case heard in the high court.

A serious case would be if you were found guilty of something and your punishment was exile. If that was your punishment, your children would be exiled with you. If you believed the punishment did not fit the crime, you could plead your case in front of the Vizier. The Vizier could reverse the decision of the lower court. The Vizier also had the power to find you guilty, but give you a lesser punishment. But, if you simply brought your case in the front of the Vizier to buy yourself some time, your punishment could be increased rather than decreased.