By Jacob Scandalis
Function of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System.
Peripheral Nervous System: Nervous system outside of the Brain and Spinal Cord.
Functions of The Cerebral Hemisphere, Diencephalon, Brain Stem and Cerebellum
Diencephalon - the region of the embryonic vertebrate neural tube that gives rise to posterior forebrain structures including the thalamus, hypothalamus, posterior portion of the pituitary gland, and pineal gland.
Brain Stem - Regulation of heart rate, breathing, sleeping, and eating.
Cerebellum - Receives information from the sensory systems, the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain and then regulates motor movements. Also coordinates voluntary movements such as posture, balance, coordination, and speech, resulting in smooth, balanced muscular activity.
2 Major Disorders
Epilepsy - Epilepsy is a group of related disorders characterized by a tendency for recurrent seizures. There are different types of epilepsy and seizures. Epilepsy drugs are prescribed to control seizures, and rarely surgery is necessary if medications are ineffective.