Hydrocephalus

A.K.A Water on the Brain

Etiology

caused by an obstruction that prevents proper fluid drainage of the brain.


Signs & Symptoms

Infants:

  • Eyes fixed downwards
  • vomiting
  • bulging or tense soft spot

Toddlers and older children:

  • headache
  • delay in talking or walking
  • blurred or double vision

Young, middle aged and older adults:

  • difficulty remaining awake or waking up
  • loss of bladder control
  • decline in memory, concentration, and other thinking skills
  • slower than normal movements

Diagnostic Tests

  • ultrasound
  • MRI
  • CT
  • Neurological exam


Treatment

  • Shunt- the surgical insertion of a drainage system
  • Ventriculostomy- a small video camera goes inside the brain and makes a hole in the bottom of one of the ventricles or between the ventricles to enable fluid to flow out of the brain


Specialists you can see...

  • Occupational therapist
  • Pediatrician
  • Psychiatrist
  • Mental Health Provider
  • Developmental therapist


Prognosis

The prognosis of hydrocephalus is hard to predict because the mortality rate depends on many factors, including existing illnesses, associated disorders, and age.


Prevention

  • Use appropriate safety equipment
  • Wear a seat belt
  • If you are pregnant, get regular prenatal care
  • protect against infectious illnesses


Bibligraphy

Mayo Clinic


what is hydrocephalus?