Energy Resources

Renewable, Nonrenewable, Climate Change, and Conservation

Questions:

What is energy?

What is an energy resource?

What are Earth's energy resources?

What makes an energy resource nonrenewable?

What makes an energy resource renewable?

What is the origin of coal?

What are some uses of coal?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of coal?

What is the origin oil?

What are some uses of oil?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of oil?

What is the origin of natural gas?

What are some uses of natural gas?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of natural gas?

What is the origin of nuclear power?

What are some uses of nuclear power?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of nuclear power?

What is the origin biomass?

What are some uses of biomass?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of biomass?

What is the origin of wind energy?

What are some uses of wind energy?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of wind energy?

What is the origin of hydropower?

What are some uses of hydropower?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of hydropower?

What is the origin geothermal energy?

What are some uses of geothermal energy?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of geothermal energy?

What is the origin of solar energy?

What are some uses of solar energy?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the long-term use of solar energy?

What does it mean to be environmentally friendly?

What is pollution?

What does depleted mean?

What is conservation?

Can weather affect energy resources?

What are the three fossil fuels?

What are the four nonrenewable energy resources?

What are some other words for renewable energy? (alternative energy, green energy)

Resources, Depletion, and Conservation

  • Some material resources are very rare and some exist in great quantities. The ability to obtain and process resources depends on where they are located and the form they are in. As resources are depleted, they may become more difficult to obtain.
  • Recycling materials and the development of substitutes for those materials can reduce the rate of depletion of resources but may also be costly. Some materials are not easily recycled.
  • The wasteful or unnecessary use of natural resources can limit their availability for other purposes. Restoring depleted soil, forests, or fishing grounds can be difficult and costly.
  • The benefits of Earth's resources—such as fresh water, air, soil, and trees—can be reduced by deliberately or inadvertently polluting them. The atmosphere, the oceans, and the land have a limited capacity to absorb and recycle waste materials. In addition, some materials take a long time to degrade. Therefore, cleaning up polluted air, water, or soil can be difficult and costly.

Key Content Vocabulary:


  • Chemical energy – energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules of substances (e.g., food, biomass, petroleum, natural gas, and propane contain stored chemical energy)
  • Elastic energy – stored in objects by force (e.g., stretched rubber band or balloon)
  • Electrical energy – movement of electrons (e.g., electrons moving through wires is electricity; lightning)
  • Energy – the ability to cause change or do work
  • Energy conservation – management of the use of energy resources
  • Energy resources – natural resources that can be used as a source of energy to do work
  • Energy transformation (conversion) – process of energy changing from one form to another
  • Kinetic energy – energy of motion
  • Law of conservation of energy – states that energy is neither created or destroyed; it only changes form
  • Light (radiant) energy – energy from light waves (e.g., solar, light bulb)
  • Mechanical energy – movement of objects or substances from one place to another
  • Nonrenewable – natural resources that cannot be replaced once depleted (e.g., oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear)
  • Potential energy – stored energy of an object because of its position or shape
  • Radiation – the transfer of energy from a light source (e.g., Sun, fire, light bulb, burner) to an object or substance
  • Renewable – natural resources that can be replaced by nature (e.g., solar, hydropower, wind, biomass)
  • Sound energy – movement of waves through a substance or object caused by vibrations
  • Thermal energy – a form of kinetic energy resulting from the motion of particles that is transferred as heat; associated with the temperature of substances
  • Transform – changing from one form to another (e.g., energy transformation)

Related Vocabulary:


  • Advantage
  • Biomass
  • Coal
  • Conversion
  • Debate
  • Disadvantage
  • Geothermal
  • Hydropower
  • Natural gas
  • Nuclear power
  • Oil
  • Petroleum
  • Solar
  • Wind

Energy Resources

Energy cannot be created or destroyed. We depend on the natural world to provide energy resources for our use. Although all energy resources are related, we can generally divide them into two categories: renewable and nonrenewable.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B-nEYsyRlYo

you will Respond to video after watching it.

#bigidea

#threeminutes

#wedidithis

#onlyplanetwithlife

Flocabulary - Carbon-Free Energy: The Challenge of Our Generation
Flocabulary - Industrial Revolution
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rrgpGo1Fw8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5gD35seucs

The NEED Project. National Energy Education Development Project.

http://www.need.org/

(look under Students – Energy Infobooks)

Big picture
Big picture

Nonrenewable energy resources

An energy resource that is used much faster than it can be replaced by natural processes is called a nonrenewable resource.

All fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, are examples of nonrenewable energy resources. Coal, oil, and natural gas formed from the buried remains of living organisms that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. Once these fossil fuels are depleted, or used up, they cannot be replaced by nature quickly.

Another nonrenewable resource of energy is nuclear energy. Nuclear energy comes from combining or splitting certain particles of matter. Most nuclear power plants generate electricity by using a special metal called uranium as a fuel.

Coal, Oil, Natural Gas, and Nuclear energy resources are all nonrenewable.

LET'S TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT OUR FOUR NONRENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTnE0OQPTEo
Fossil Fuels 101
Coal 101

Check out what ACID RAIN can do to the environment in the video below. Start the video around minute 10:25.

3-2-1 Contact #7 - Go with the Flow - The Water Cycle
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e6rglsLy1Ys
Oil 101
Natural Gas 101
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKt01p3DJRw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ta3z3pGK0vU
Nuclear 101

CLIMATE CHANGE / GLOBAL WARMING

AS THE HUMAN POPULATION CONTINUES TO GROW, SO DOES THE IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT.

Fossil Fuels: History, Environment, and Future
Human Impact on our Natural Resources and Ecosystem
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4H1N_yXBiA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QwLyscT3NgI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ok8rMT2KCy0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Er8YXskwIFE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEX2J_sAdGs
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwI5f5lwyec
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ur4I8tYnxP4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6CPsGanO_U
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ic-J6hcSKa8
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MfWyzrkFkg8

What is ELECTRONIC WASTE? I can just put in the trash can, right?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=txG-HMG4PQ4

WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP OUR EARTH? CONSERVE, REDUCE WASTE, REUSE WHEN POSSIBLE, RECYCLE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SQfp_l7aKdY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDL3xOEjAe8&list=RDTDL3xOEjAe8#t=67

WHAT ARE ENERGY VAMPIRES?

THE GREAT PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCH

Great Pacific Garbage Patch - Ocean Pollution Awareness

CAN ONE PERSON MAKE A DIFFERENCE? BOYAN SLAT IS DEFINITELY TRYING TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE!

Boyan Slat unveils The Ocean Cleanup Prototype
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlIXcq2ijZQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyLjUEOcLgg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C78KE5iGtg4

Renewable Energy Resources

An energy resource that CAN be replaced by natural processes in a short amount of time is called renewable. Some resources are called inexhaustible because they are available in an almost limitless, or perpetual, supply. Perpetual means "continuing forever."

Solar, Wind, Hydropower, Biomass, and Geothermal Energy Resources are all renewable.

LET'S TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT OUR FIVE RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kUE0BZtTRc
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T4xKThjcKaE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pEUzot8Zufo&list=PLFjdi9STI26NseXKKYB7228HojuWPp7TC&index=5
Energy 101: Hydropower
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gl678len3aY
Energy 101: Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtlvjo5nSqo&list=PLFjdi9STI26NseXKKYB7228HojuWPp7TC&index=2
Iowa Wind Power | National Geographic
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAR7N79HIyY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgCA5e7K7r8
Energy 101: Wind Turbines - 2014 Update
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NLO9w963Aj0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yh6BJ95xldM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gl5tY5Noacc
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vWhPgrvTaE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FgjfJGfusdE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YQba3ENhlKA
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tz-CuQOI_QY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qrZHKBOPy6Y
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKpYH5SYUeo
Energy 101: Solar PV
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIT0ZXOey1Q
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7q653ffQO4
Energy 101: Geothermal Energy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zY9q7MZ8JvY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FlLlAuW2K6c
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVl17JLn_u0
Energy 101 | Biofuels

POO POWER

Poop to Power: How a Florida dairy farm turns cow manure into electricity
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fT6-T9rPHUk
Energy 101: Feedstocks for Biofuels and More
Energy 101 | Algae-to-Fuels
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RnvCbquYeIM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZol5vMDhe4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRb52O76HxQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDrcDFHSI8A

IF GREEN ENERGY IS SO GREAT, THEN WHY AREN'T WE USING IT? ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uz6xOFWi4A

MORE CLIMATE CHANGE

EARTH'S FUTURE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRjgZ5nM9qE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIQUOIyE7q0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SrmsQzRQPPw
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CIFogwGHKKU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnNixMosUIo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N9DhJB25Efc