Colonists' Fight for Independence

Mikayla Gandy

What does freedom mean?

Freedom is exemption from external control interference, regulation, etc. The colonists wanted their freedom from British rule and unfair taxation of Parliament. They did everything from boycotting British goods to political protest to earn their independence from the Crown.

Boston Tea Party

One of the most popular events in the colonists' fight for freedom was the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773. This was a political protest, in which, the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians, boarded a British ship, and destroyed an entire shipment of tea by dumping it into the Boston Harbor. This protest was the colonists' response to the Tea Act, which was passed on May 30, 1773. By this act, it was the colonists' way of saying that they did not need their tea or their taxes.

Important Patriot Leaders

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. British troops and a group of patriots got into a dispute. A British officers fired into the crowd. The patriots were at a disadvantage only being armed with snowballs and stones; whereas, British troops had guns.

Five were killed: Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray, James Caldwell, Samuel Maverick, and Patrick Carr. Eight were wounded. This infuriated the colonists. They were done with British rule and their extreme ways.

Taxes and Laws

The colonists were very unhappy with many of the laws and taxes put in place by Parliament. This led to many protest and boycotts. These taxes and laws included the Stamp Act of 1765, the Declaratory Act of 1766, The Townshend Act of 1767, and the Coercive Act of 1774 to name a few.


Colonists' fought long and hard to gain their independence from England. Through protest, boycotts, and even some violent actions. The tension grew throughout the years of patriot rise, leading to the signing of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) finally gave the colonists what they wanted, independence from England and the King.