What is Titanium?
Titanium is an element that is located in the transition metal family on the periodic table. It can be used in many ways and can be as strong as Iron, but weighs a lot less than Iron.
Protons, Neutrons and Electrons
Family, Group, and Period
Family: Transition metal
Atomic Number and Mass
Atomic Number: 22
Where it is Found in Nature
Titanium is the ninth most abundant metal in the Earth's crust. Titanium is not found freely in nature, but is found in minerals such as rutile (titanium oxide), titanium oxide (iron titanium oxide), and sphene (titanite or calcium titanite silicate.)
Pure titanium metal can exist as a dark gray, a shiny metal, or as a dark gray powder. It has a melting point of 3,051 degrees Fahrenheit and a boiling point of 5,931 degrees Fahrenheit. It's density is 4.6 grams per cubic centimeter. Titanium metal is brittle when cold and can break apart at room temperature. At higher temperatures it can become malleable and ductile.
In general, Titanium tends to be quite unreactive. It does not react with oxygen at room temperature. It also resists attack by acids, chlorine, and other corrosive agents. Titanium becomes more reactive at high temperatures. It can actually catch fire when heated in the presence of oxygen.