Autism and Aspergers

Destiny Morris & Samantha Pagani English 2 Period 1.

About Autism

Autism is a complicated developmental disability that affects communication. It is defined by certain behaviors and as a condition affects everyone differently and to various extent. There is no known cause but there is much awareness and an early examination can help. The child can be put into a special program at a young age so by the time they are a little older, they have better communication skills and behavior.

Symptoms of Autism

  • difficulty making eye contact
  • holding a conversation
  • delayed learning of language
  • difficulty with controlling action
  • poor motor skills
  • motor mannerisms
  • dislikes of physical contact
  • an unusual attachment to certain objects
  • loss of language or social skill at any age
  • aggression
  • indifferent
  • problems paying attention
  • unable to build friendships with individuals of the same age
  • repetitive use of language
  • not being able to understand other's views
  • failure to understand when someone is using humor or being sarcastic or misinterpret something said
  • a need for routine and sameness.
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About Asperger's

Asperger's is a type of common developmental disorder. Although there are similarities between Asperger's and autism, there are important differences. Children with this condition usually function better than those with autism. They usually have normal intelligence and better language skills, although problems with communicating may develop as they get older.The cause for it is unknown but it is lifelong that improves over time. Although it is believed that an inherited genetic is involved

Asperger's Symptoms

  • not pick up on social hints
  • may lack natural social skills
  • dislikes changes in routines
  • lack of empathy
  • have a formal style speaking that is advanced for their age
  • talk a lot, usually about favorite subject
  • one-sided conversations
  • think aloud
  • be unable to recognize faint differences in tone, pitch accent that change the meaning of others' speech.
  • speech may be flat and hard to understand because they lack tone and pitch
  • avoids eye contact
  • have unusual facial expressions or posture
  • be preoccupied with only one or few interests, which they may be very knowledgeable about it
  • have delayed motor development
  • maybe be overwhelmed by loud noises, lights, strong tastes or textures.
  • most symptoms continue through teen years. Communication remains difficult
  • during teen years, they might feel shy or intimidated when trying to make friends. they may feel different
  • they may be immature and naive and too trusting.
  • uninterested in following with social norms, fads or current thinking.
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"My name is Christopher John Francis Boone, i know all the countries in the world and their capital cities and every prime number up to 7,057." (Haddon 2)

"I rolled back onto the lawn and pressed my forehead to the ground and made the same noise that Father calls groaning. I make this noise when there is too much information coming into my head from the outside world..." (Haddon 6)

"I find people confusing. This is for two main reasons. The first main reason is that people do a lot of talking without using any words. Siobhan says that if you raise one eyebrow it can mean a lot of different things. It can mean "I want to do sex with you" and it can also mean "I think that what you just said was very stupid..." (Haddon 10)

"I think it should be called a lie because a pig is not like a day and people do not have skeletons in their cabinets. And when I try and make a picture of the phrase in my head it just confuses me because imagining an apple in someone's eye doesn't have anything to do with liking someone a lot and it makes you forget what the person was talking about." (Haddon 11)

"He held up his right hand and spread his fingers out in a fan. I held up my left hands and spread my fingers out in a fan and we made our fingers and thumbs touch each other. We do this because sometimes Father wants to give me a hug, but I do not like hugging people so we do this instead, and it means that he loves me." (Haddon 14)

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Meanings of the Quotes

1.) Quote number 1 shows that Christopher focuses on very on things that most people wouldn't care about as much.

2.) Quote number 2 shows that it is hard for Christopher to process multiple things at once especially things that scare or things that he doesn't understand.

3.) Quote number 3 shows that it is hard comprehend certain things that everyone else does. Christopher has a harder time trying to understand things because looks into things deeper than most people.

4.) Quote number 4 shows that Christopher doesn't understand things he can't see. He has trouble understanding similes and metaphors because it isn't something he usually sees.

5.)Quote number 5 shows that Christopher doesn't like touch. Many children with autism don't like touch.