Beryllium - Be
$338 per pound ($745 per kilogram) in 2001.
The element Beryllium was first discovered more than two centuries ago in the oxide form by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in both beryl and emeralds in 1798. The metal was isolated in 1828 by the action of potassium on beryllium chloride. Beryllium is a gray-white metal and infact, Vauquelin suggested the name glucinium, meaning "sweet tasting," for the element because the element and some of its compounds have a sweet taste. The name beryllium was adopted officially in 1957.it's name had came from the Greek word beryllos, beryl.
In a 1798 paper read before the Institute de France, which is a french learned society. Vauquelin reported that he found a new "earth" when he found Beryllium.
- Beryllium is a naturally occurring metallic element found in rocks, coal and oil, even the soil in your backyard.
- Beryllium is a steel gray and hard metal that is brittle at room temperature and has a close-packed hexagonal crystal structure. It was light weight but yet durable and strong.
- It has an atomic number of 4.
- Another of its characteristics is its non-magnetic quality. Non-magnetic metals are very useful in electronics. Scientists use the letter pair "Be" to represent beryllium in chemical equations and compound descriptions. You can never find beryllium alone. It is always combined with other elements when found on Earth.
- If your asking how, i will answer this question afterward.
- used as pure metal
- Mixed with other metals to form alloys(a metal made by combining two or more metallic elements, especially to give greater strength or resistance to corrosion).
- Processed to form salts that dissolve in water.
- Processed to form oxides and ceramic materials.
- physical properties: Its density is 1.8 grams per cubic centimeter. The metal has a high heat capacity (it can store heat) and heat conductivity (it can transfer heat efficiently).
Interestingly, beryllium is transparent to X rays. X rays pass through the metal without being absorbed. For this reason, beryllium is sometimes used to make the windows for X-ray machines.
chemical properties: Beryllium reacts with acids and with water to form hydrogen gas. It reacts briefly with oxygen in the air to form beryllium oxide. The beryllium oxide forms a thin skin on the surface of the metal that prevents the metal from reacting further with oxygen.
Modern society stays connected thanks to beryllium and beryllium alloys.
Helicopters will be using a new alloy of beryllium and aluminum, called Beralcast, that is 3 times as stiff and 25 percent lighter than pure aluminum.
Beryllium keeps civilization humming along safely. Air bag sensors, ignition, power steering and electronic auto systems, fire extinguishers and sprinkler heads all depend on beryllium for optimum performance.
- There are also an amazing thing that i have found out which is that there are undersea internet cables, which connects the world's internet. Actually Egypt Military Caught Divers Cutting Undersea Internet Cables from nearly a year ago.
- Website: http://thetechjournal.com/internet/egypt-military-caught-divers-cutting-undersea-internet-cables.xhtml#ixzz3Dti96joU
Products containing beryllium are everywhere you are, for example, improving your life while undergoing medical procedures.
“High purity beryllium possesses unique properties that make it indispensable in many of today’s critical U.S. defense systems, including sensors, missiles and satellites, avionics, and nuclear weapons.”
Beryllium is in emeralds. It is also in another gem called aquamarine. Beryllium is only one of many elements inside an emerald.
Machine Parts and Springs
Beryllium is a very light metal. It is also used with other metals to make strong pieces for machines. Beryllium is often used in springs. With beryllium the springs become lighter and stronger.