Beryllium - Be

$338 per pound ($745 per kilogram) in 2001.

Beryllium history

The element Beryllium was first discovered more than two centuries ago in the oxide form by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in both beryl and emeralds in 1798. The metal was isolated in 1828 by the action of potassium on beryllium chloride. Beryllium is a gray-white metal and infact, Vauquelin suggested the name glucinium, meaning "sweet tasting," for the element because the element and some of its compounds have a sweet taste. The name beryllium was adopted officially in's name had came from the Greek word beryllos, beryl.

In a 1798 paper read before the Institute de France, which is a french learned society. Vauquelin reported that he found a new "earth" when he found Beryllium.

  • Beryllium is a naturally occurring metallic element found in rocks, coal and oil, even the soil in your backyard.






  1. Beryllium is a steel gray and hard metal that is brittle at room temperature and has a close-packed hexagonal crystal structure. It was light weight but yet durable and strong.
  • It has an atomic number of 4.
  • Another of its characteristics is its non-magnetic quality. Non-magnetic metals are very useful in electronics. Scientists use the letter pair "Be" to represent beryllium in chemical equations and compound descriptions. You can never find beryllium alone. It is always combined with other elements when found on Earth.
Ethan Beryllium Element Rotating
2. Chances are you've never heard of it, yet you depend on this metal every day as it helps keep our world connected, healthy, and also safe. On a pound for pound basis, beryllium is six times stronger than steel. It is two-thirds the weight of aluminum. Beryllium plays an indispensable role that can;t be avoided in our modern society.

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3. Beryllium has a solid phase. It's melting point is (1287 °C, ​2349 °F) but it's boiling point is​(2970 °C, ​5338 °F). its group and period in the peroidic table are group 2, period 2. Beryllium was not widely used in industry until the 1940s and 1950s. In industrial applications, beryllium can be:

  • used as pure metal
  • Mixed with other metals to form alloys(a metal made by combining two or more metallic elements, especially to give greater strength or resistance to corrosion).
  • Processed to form salts that dissolve in water.
  • Processed to form oxides and ceramic materials.
4. Almost every element has its physical and chemical properties.

  • physical properties: Its density is 1.8 grams per cubic centimeter. The metal has a high heat capacity (it can store heat) and heat conductivity (it can transfer heat efficiently).

    Interestingly, beryllium is transparent to X rays. X rays pass through the metal without being absorbed. For this reason, beryllium is sometimes used to make the windows for X-ray machines.

  • chemical properties: Beryllium reacts with acids and with water to form hydrogen gas. It reacts briefly with oxygen in the air to form beryllium oxide. The beryllium oxide forms a thin skin on the surface of the metal that prevents the metal from reacting further with oxygen.

5. As an industrial material, beryllium possesses some uncommon qualities such as its ability to withstand extreme heat, remain stable over a wide range of temperatures, and function as an excellent thermal conductor. These attributes make it a unique material suitable for a host of diverse, demanding applications.

Beryllium Uses

Modern society stays connected thanks to beryllium and beryllium alloys.

1. By far the greatest use of beryllium metal is in alloys. Beryllium alloys are popular because they are tough, stiff, and lighter than similar alloys. For example, a new alloy of beryllium and aluminum called Beralcast was released in 1996. Beralcast is 3 times as stiff and 25 percent lighter.

Helicopters will be using a new alloy of beryllium and aluminum, called Beralcast, that is 3 times as stiff and 25 percent lighter than pure aluminum.

2. Beryllium Copper is often the only material that meets the need for high reliability and miniaturization in these applications. FM radio, high-definition and cable television and underwater fiber optic cable systems also depend on beryllium.

Beryllium keeps civilization humming along safely. Air bag sensors, ignition, power steering and electronic auto systems, fire extinguishers and sprinkler heads all depend on beryllium for optimum performance.

3. Beryllium brings unrivaled advantages to its end-use applications, whether used in its pure metallic form, combined or alloyed in small amounts with other metals or as a beryllia ceramic. The use of beryllium has improved safety and enabled technological breakthroughs previously thought unattainable. Products containing beryllium are everywhere you are – improving your life at home, at work, on the road, at the airport or while undergoing medical procedures. Beryllium is lightweight and recyclable, important to the environmental impact of any of its end-use applications. You’ll also find it at the center of exciting developments in alternative energy.

Products containing beryllium are everywhere you are, for example, improving your life while undergoing medical procedures.

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4. Beryllium has also been determined to be the only critical metal by the United States Department of Defense. Their decision was based on the fact that “high purity beryllium is essential for important defense systems and unique in the function it performs” and that full involvement and support is necessary to sustain and shape the strategic direction of the market such that there must not be a significant and unacceptable risk of supply disruption.”

“High purity beryllium possesses unique properties that make it indispensable in many of today’s critical U.S. defense systems, including sensors, missiles and satellites, avionics, and nuclear weapons.”

5. Emeralds and Gems
Beryllium is in emeralds. It is also in another gem called aquamarine. Beryllium is only one of many elements inside an emerald.

Machine Parts and Springs
Beryllium is a very light metal. It is also used with other metals to make strong pieces for machines. Beryllium is often used in springs. With beryllium the springs become lighter and stronger.


Hassan Azazy.