Kenya

By Mia Mavropoulos 9A

Introduction


Kenya is located in east center Africa. The capital of Kenya is Nairobi. The population is 44.35 million in 2013. The Birth rate is 28.27/1000, death rate 7/1000, literacy rate over 15 can read and write and GDP per capita is $1,800.


1"Kenya." Infoplease. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <http://www.infoplease.com/country/kenya.html>

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Tourist attractions

The top 10 tourist attraction in Kenya are Nairobi National Park, Malindi, Mount Kenya, Sambury National Reserve, Hell's Gate National Park, Lamu Island, Tsavo National Park, Lake Nakuru, Amboseli National Park and Masai Mara National Reserve.1


1 "Touropia." 10 Top Tourist Attractions in Kenya. N.p., 3 July 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2015. <http://www.touropia.com/tourist-attractions-in-kenya/>

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Tourists over 20 years

Tourist numbers over last 20 years have increased massively. In 1998 there were 899000.0 tourists and in 2010 there were 1469000.0. That was a big increase. 1


1 "International Tourism - Number of Arrivals in Kenya." International Tourism - Number of Arrivals in Kenya. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2015. <http://www.tradingeconomics.com/kenya/international-tourism-number-of-arrivals-wb-data.html>

Advantages of Tourism in Kenya

There are many advantages for tourism in Kenya, for example:


  • The tourists would bring local shops and the government money by purchasing souvenirs, staying in hotels, going on excursions etc.
  • Jobs for local people are created and they can learn new skills in tourism services.
  • Constructions on different tourist attractions and buildings can provide jobs and opportunities to develop new skills for local people.
  • Water, roads, busses, taxis and airports are improved using funds brought by tourists and foreigners.
  • Local customs, cultures and traditions are visited by the tourists.
  • Local education, health and other services could be provided in Kenya from foreign currency spent by tourists. 1
  • Tourism contributes to the countries GDP. It contributes by 0.6% 2


1 "Tourism in an LEDC." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/tourism/tourism_ledc_rev1.shtml>


2 The Authority On World Travel & Tourism. "The Authority on World Travel & Tourism." The Authority on World Travel & Tourism (n.d.): n. pag. World Travel & Tourism Council. Web. 3 Apr. 2015. <http://www.wttc.org/-/media/files/reports/economic%20impact%20research/country%20reports/kenya2014.pdf>

Disadvantages of Tourism in Kenya

  • Local communities don't get any of the profits made, the money given by tourists go to big companies such as tour operators, hotel chains etc.
  • Foreign companies might bring foreign workers to do the skilled jobs leaving the local people with low skilled jobs, poorly paid work.
  • House prices are increased and become too expensive for locals when foreign companies and investors buy property for hotels and holiday homes.
  • Infrastructure developments are focused on tourists which sideline important projects for local communities.
  • If tourism isn't sustainable, pollution and disruption could occur to wildlife habitats. 1


1 "Tourism in an LEDC." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/tourism/tourism_ledc_rev1.shtml>

The Future of Kenya

Poaching has gotten so bad in Kenya that for the first time ever they call it a 'national disaster'. If this amount of poaching continues the elephants could go extinct causing a huge amount of loss in funds. Tourists go to Kenya to see the wildlife and the most common ones are the elephant safaris, so if this continues tourists won't be coming and Kenya would lose a lot. The future of Kenya lies in the governments hands to see if they will make any changes to stop poaching. Most people poach because they don't have jobs, so instead of killing these animals and making tourism worse, the government could provide jobs in tourism by showing tourists around the wildlife, protecting the animals etc.

What Can be Done About Poaching

Even though there are laws against poaching and it already is illegal, millions of people don't bother following; maybe the sanctions and punishments should be worse. People poach in LEDC's because it's easier to not get caught and there aren't enough well paid jobs for everyone, so instead of poaching, the government could provide jobs for citizens who do poach such as:

  • Instead of poaching guard the wildlife from poachers
  • Become safari tourists (since they probably know the wildlife well)
  • Be vets and take care of the wildlife

Not only would making these changes protect and save the wildlife, it would also attract more tourists to these LEDC's but also developing the country by using the tourist funds for development. The most popular visited excursion/attraction in Kenya is the safari and if people keep poaching, visitors would stop coming causing the country to not develop.

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How might the threat of terrorism impact the future of tourism in Kenya?

Since there is a large amount of poaching happening in Kenya (the tourists would already know this before arriving go their destination), this could prevent the visitors from coming which would stop tourism and the development of Kenya. Also terrorism is a big factor of why tourism has dropped over the past years.

How Can Tribes Become or Continue To Be Involved in Tourism?

There are more than 50 tribes in Kenya and these are some:


  • The Massai tribe
  • The Ameru tribe
  • The Kikuyu tribe 2
Tribes can be very useful for the development of Kenya. The tribes could be visited by the tourists as an educational and cultural trip. Not only would the visitors be educated by the traditions and culture of the tribes in Kenya, but the cultures could be spread on around the world because of the tourists that visit.



Tribes could also become important for tourism by building little souvenir shops. After most visits to new places, tourists like to remember what they visited and take the memory with them, so when the tourists purchase a souvenir, it brings money to the country and the locals. 1


1 Mutahi, Wahome. "The Maasai, Tourism And Kenyan Culture." The Maasai, Tourism And Kenyan Culture. N.p., 2005. Web. 09 Apr. 2015. <http://www.safariweb.com/safarimate/masai.htm>


2 "Tribes and Religion of Kenya." Shadows of Africa. N.p., 2014. Web. 9 Apr. 2015. <http://www.shadowsofafrica.com/destinations/kenya/tribes-and-religion-of-kenya>