Fibers

by Jessica Landaverde

Cotton (natural fiber)

Advantages

Soft, durable, absorbent,strong


Disadvantages

Wrinkles, shrinks

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Linen (natural fiber)

Advantages

Durable, comfortable, absorbent


Disadvantages

Wrinkles, shrinks

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Wool (natural fiber)

Advantages

Warm, resists wrinkles


Disadvantages

Shrinks, damaged by moths

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Silk (natural fiber)

Advantages

Light weight, flexible, strong


Disadvantages

Damaged by sunlight, may have to be dry cleaned

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Acetate (man-made fiber)

Advantages

Soft, looks like silk


Disadvantages

Wrinkles, fades

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Rayon (man-made fiber)

Avantages

Soft comfortable, absorbent


Disadvantages

Wrinkles easily, usually needs to be dry cleaned

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Nylon (man-made fiber)

Advantages

Strong, holds shape well, dries quickly


Disadvantages

Sensitive to heat, static electricity

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Polyester (man-made fiber)

Advantages

Resists wrinkles, washable dries quickly


Disadvantages

Holds oily stains

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Spandex (man-made fiber)

Advantages

High degree of stretch, combines well with other fibers


Disadvantages

Weakened by chlorine bleach

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Olefin (man-made fiber)

Advantages

Inexpensive, extremely stain resistant, colorfast, liquid spills clean up easily


Disadvantages

compresses easily, lacks resilience, oils bond to fibers causing discoloration

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Lyocell (man-made fabric)

Advantages

soft, durable, antibacterial


Disadvantages

shrinks, expensive

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