Red River Rebellion
The first crisis of a confederated Canada
The leaders of the provisional government at th Red River settlement
A military expedition sent by the Canadian government to enforce their power
Execution of Scott
Riel had a pro-Canadian, Thomas Scott, executed for attempting to remove the provisional government from power, to make an example out of him
Resistance to Canadian Annexation
Riel was elected Secretary of the Provisional Government, although later he took over the vacant presidency
Bruce was elected president of the Provisional Government on October 16, 1869. He later resigned so Riel could become president
A Father of Confederation, McDougall was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of North-West Territories in 1869. The Red River Settlement refused to cooperate with him
Execution of Scott and Aftermath
Meanwhile, there was a delegation sent to the House of Commons to negotiate with the Canadians. The delegates came to terms with the Canadians, which resulted in the signing of the Manitoba Act of 1870. The act was based on the list of rights that Riel had written earlier in 1970. This act states the creation of Manitoba as a province of the Dominion of Canada, thus part of Confederation.
In the fear of being prosecuted for the execution of Thomas Scott, Riel fled to the US, where he lived until returning to Canada in 1885 to lead the North-West Rebellion. The rebellion occurred in Saskatchewan, as many of the Metis left Manitoba as settlers continued to disrespect their culture. This rebellion of 1885 was caused by disgruntled Metis on the basis that the Canadian gov't had failed to protect their rights which were put into place in the aftermath of the Red River Rebellion.