A guide through the civil law system
A plaintiff is the one who is filing a lawsuit, and the second step of a civil case is for a plaintiff's lawyer to file a complaint. A complaint is a notice that a lawsuit has been placed. Once a complaint has been placed against the defendant the court will order a summons for the defendant to appear in court, and at that point the defendant will file an answer.
A pleading in both the answer and complaint together and helps form the trial. The lawyers at this point will want to help find evidence to support their case, the judge may call both parties to a pretrial conference to help settle the differences and will help prepare for the trial.
Third Party Interventions
A third party besides the court, plaintiff, and defendant may be called in as an attempt to help settle the legal dispute. This is known as mediation. An arbitration may also be used in which a third party listens to both sides of the argument and makes a decision that is final for both the plaintiff and the defendant.
The trial is one of the last steps in a civil case, during the trial both sides will present evidence to support their case, preponderance of evidence, is evidence that cannot be doubted and is very accountable. Once the trial ends the judge or jury will issue their verdict or which side won the case. Once the trial ends the judge or jury will issue their verdict or which side won the case. Once the trial is over is one of the parties feels that their case was not presented well or did not have a fair trial they can have their case appealed to another court to decide.