All About Silicon!
All you need to know about the element, Silicon!
Bridget Norris, Andrea Hernandez, & Marisa Overturf
Atoms Within Silicon
Neutrons? To get the number of Neutrons in an element atom you must use this equation: Mass Number - Atomic Number/ Number of Protons = Number of Neutrons. SO with Silicon you would do 28 - 14 = 14 Neutrons.
Electrons? The number of Electrons in an element atom is the same number as its Protons, so that means that Silicon has 14 Electrons.
Valance Electrons? Valance Electrons are the number of electrons that are located on the outer ring of the atom. Silicon has 4 Valance Electrons, meaning that is is reactive.
Silicon on the Periodic Table of Elements
Group? The Groups on the Periodic Table of Elements go up to down. Silicon is located on Group 14 on the Periodic Table of Elements.
Metal, Metalloid, or Non-Metal? Silicon is a Metalloid, meaning it has the characteristics of both Metal and Non-Metals. This also means that Silicon is located along the staircase on the Periodic Table of Elements.
Silicon in real life
What is it used for? Silicon is used to make Construction Materials, Ceramics, Computer Chips, and Glass. You can also find Silicon in Rocks and Sand, and in your Skeletal System!
Interesting things about silicon
Interesting facts about Silicon? Silicon was officially discovered in 1824 by a scientist named Jacob Berzelius. Silicon's melting point is 2,577 degrees Fahrenheit (1,141 degrees Celsius) and its boiling point is 5,909 degrees Fahrenheit (3,265 degrees Celsius). Silicon is a solid at room temperature. Silicon has a disease named after it called Silicosis, it is a lung disease caused by inhaling Silicon for long periods of time.