JULIUS CAESAR

For Roman Expansion

Biographical Information-Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E. to one of Rome's oldest, wealthiest or Patrician families. His personality changed in battle from charming to ruthless, his astonishing intellect made great loyalty for his troops. Although later many of his friends would come to betray him and eventually murder him from fear he would declare himself king. Caesar's marriage and political connections made him in disfavor with Sulla the dictator of Rome, this situation forced him to leave Rome for Asia Minor.

After Sulla's death in 78 B.C.E. Caesar returned to Rome and started a political career, Julius Caesar held many political positions. One of the positions was consul. Julius Caesar passed laws that ease the financial problems for the poor, this made him very popular with the poor. When he was a military commander he made his career away from Rome. He gained positions in around Gaul pacifying native tribes. Fearing his power in 49 B.C.E. the senate ordered to disband his legions or be declared an enemy of the Republic. Julius Caesar refused to obey orders and marched his army into Italy. Civil War followed, Caesar began to have much military success after another. Later in 44 B.C.E. he was stabbed 23 times by his enemies.

Julius Caesar on Roman Expansion

Rome was mostly threatened or ruled by outsiders for most of its being. First the Etruscans seized control during mid 600s (B.C.E.) by late 6th century the Romans were looking for a government modeled after Greeks democracy. Later they rebelled against the ruling of the Etruscans king and formed the Roman Republic. Rome faced constant danger. The Gauls marched into Rome and defeated them and slaughtered a few senators who tried to resist. Then burned the city down. The invaders agreed to return back to Gaul only after Rome had paid them huge ransom. During the Punic wars the Carthiginians general Hannibal threanted Romes very survival. For 15 years Hannibal remained in Italy and caused Romans tremendous losses both in money and lives. Then after the second Punic wars no foreign soldiers invaded Italy.