African Physical Features

Four of Africa's physical features.


Madagascar is an island right off the east coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The only thing that divides Madagascar from Africa is the Mozambique Channel and is one of the many islands in the Malagasy Republic. It is the fourth largest island in the world and has a highland plateau that is largely deforested. On the island is lowlands on the coastal strip with lagoons along the eastern coast. Plus, the economy is overwhelming with agricultural lands.
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Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is a arid plateau that cover over three countries and 100,000 square miles in southern Africa. Most of the desert is covered in reddish sand and dotted with dry lake beds. It is between the Orange and Zambezi rivers a grass grows only in the rainy season.
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Congo River

The Congo river was formed by the waters of Lualaba and upper congo rivers. It is one of the longest rivers in the world and flows 2,720 miles from Zaire to the Atlantic ocean. The river can get up to 410 miles wide and is one of Africa's most important source of hydroelectric power.
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Sahel Desert

The Sahel is a semi-arid region between the Sahara and savannas which extends from Senegal to Ethiopia. It forms a bet that separates the arid Sahara from the tropical west Africa. The natural pasture there is great for pasture and animals and has thorn shrubs, baobab and acacia trees. It rains 4-8 inches in 8 months of a dry season too.
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