Sickle Cell Anemia

What is Sickle Cell Anemia

  • a blood disease that changes round red blood cells into cells that are shaped like crescent moons
  • Is really painful when it acts up


Causes and Complications

  • The Sickle Cell disease is inherited
  • It can block blood vessels which stops the oxygen from getting through
  • can harm organs, muscles, and bones


How to test of it

  • A sample of blood is taken and examined
  • Usually tested before infant is leaves the hospital


How to treat it

  • hydroxyurea (drug)
  • hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Daily antibiotics from 2 months old to 5 years old


Prevention

  • You cant prevent it
  • See a genetic counselor before having children


Life Outlook

  • Most people who have Sickle Cell Disease live to the age of 40