Egypt and it's govenment

Learning about egypt's government

The Pharaoh

In ancient egypt, the pharaoh was the ruler. The people belived that he was the son of the sun god Ra. People also belived that everything belonged to the Pharaoh. The did not own it, the Pharaoh did. The Pharaoh was the leader of all egypt.

The legal system

Most of ancient egypt's legal system was based on common sense.There are no remains of written laws that have been found. Most likely, that the laws were fair, considering egypt was a peacful place. Dispute was setteled in lower court, and fairly decided. If you did not agree with your exile punishment if you were guilty, than you would bring your case to Vizier, and he would decide.

Soilders and scribes

Soilders in egypt were very well trained, and were treated with great respect. Egypt was rarely at war, so instead the soilders would help the people or serve the Pharaoh. Scribes were very important. They wrote all writen records and pretty much everything that has to do with writing. Many egyptians did not have the privilage to read or write, so scribes were very special.


Merchants in ancient Egypt were wealthy and lived in comfy homes. Merchants were usually the ones that owned slaves. Merchants usually owned a buissnes to earn there money, or they could get paid by the Pharaoh. Merchants also lived in two story houses, instead of one.

Craftsman and farmers

Craftsman usually led a pretty normal life. They had a house to live in, food to eat, and a family. Craftsman made scuptures, pottery, jewlery, and clothing. Farmers were poor, and most didn't even own the land they farmed on. Most farmers lived near the Nile River, because the land had fertile soil.

Slaves and peasents

A peasent usually was just a very poor, unskilled, labor worker. Tey usually had trouble keeping themselves alive, let alone their families. Slaves were criminals, and this was their sentance.Slaves in ancient Egypt were not treated like garbage, but like a small friend. They farmed and worked in Merchant's homes. They were treated fairly, but not like family.