IDEA (2014) ID, NJ & VA

Trenna McCashland, Melissa Titus, & Amanda Sorrell

What is IDEA (Revised 2014)?

IDEA was placed into Congress in 1975 to make sure that if a child has a disability they have access to free education just like any other child.IDEA has different requirements and regulations per state. These requirement shapes how the school systems will work for students that have disabilities.
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Legislation, Impacts on Teachers, Families of Students with Educational Disabilities, and Students with Educational Disabilities

Case DA and JA (parents) on behalf of MA vs Meridian School District (MSD) in District Court of Idaho (Case No. 12-cv-00426-CWD) for failure to provide SpEd. Parents said MSD used Boise School District evaluation instead of doing own as situations were dissimilar. Court found MSD was prudent in their findings and no SpEd was ordered. Records of testing, parent requests, signed meeting minutes, and parental rights were kept. District personnel properly tested the individual after parents requested, but found no need. Teachers should keep anecdotal records along with students’ work samples. Impact on families of SpEd students: Advocacy for children. If there is a question of need, pursue it. Testing costs are covered at taxpayers’ expense, timetable for complete findings and present at parent meetings, along with recourse by parents if they are not happy. Impacts students with educational disabilities: Help is available from the classroom teacher, and from Special Services if a qualified need is found. There are multiple resources if required: accommodations, programs, equipment, and specialists.

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Legislation, Impacts on Teachers, Families of Students with Educational Disabilities, and Students with Educational Disabilities

According to "New Jersey Department Of Education" (2015), "This guidance is not intended to interpret the provisions of IDEA 2004. Rather, it sets forth a description of the provisions of federal law that NJDOE has determined govern each area described as of July 1, 2005, and sets forth how the NJDOE will implement IDEA 2004. N.J.A. C. 6A:14 still governs the provision of special education and related services to students in New Jersey and must be followed for all areas except those described below. State regulations must be amended to conform to the provisions of federal law in these areas by June 30, 2006” (Guidance for Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004). The impacts on teachers is that teachers become highly qualified. Highly qualified teachers are exclusively teaching students who participate in the special needs programs. Requirements for special education teachers are that teachers must obtain full certification and must pass the teacher licensing exams and must hold a bachelor's degree ("New Jersey Department Of Education", 2015). In 2007 NJDOE conducted surveys for parents, that have children with disabilities between the ages of three and twenty one ("New Jersey Department Of Education", 2015). According to "New Jersey Department Of Education" (2015), "The purpose of the survey is to determine how schools are supporting parent involvement in their child’s educational program. The survey was conducted as part of a federal requirement for New Jersey’s State Performance Plan for Special Education (SPP), Indicator #8: Parental Involvement” (Guidance for Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004) There are web sources that can help with assistive technology that can help parents that have children with disabilities. For example Web Resources for Assistive Technology in the Classroom and Center for Assistive Technology and Environmental Access can help families with getting the assistance that their children will need. According to "New Jersey Department Of Education" (2015), "IDEA 2004 provides that for transition, beginning at age 16 an IEP include "appropriate measurable post secondary goals based upon age appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment, and, where appropriate, independent living skills". Transition services needed to assist a student in achieving such goals must be provided to each student” (Guidance for Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004). IDEA require that students reach 21 or graduates they are no longer eligible for services of special education. An evaluation or academic achievement must be in summary form and must be given to the student("New Jersey Department Of Education", 2015).

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Legislation, Impacts on Teachers, Families of Students with Educational Disabilities, and Students with Educational Disabilities

“The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation. IDEA governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities. Children and youth (ages 3-21) receive special education and related services under IDEA – Part B. Infants and toddlers with disabilities (birth-2) and their families receive early intervention services under IDEA – Part C. VDOE oversees programs under IDEA – Part B. The Virginia Department of Social Services has oversight responsibility for IDEA – Part C programs” ( Virginia Department of Education, 2012). August 14, 2006, The state enacted the first set Federal Special Education regulations. These regulations correspond with the Federal regulations of IDEA. December 1, 2008, Updated regulations including parental regulations, such as refusal of services, right to represented by non- attorneys. Also states public reporting was changed from 60- 120 days. February 14, 2013, Updated- Clarifies parent consent from public agency to gain access to dependent’s information. The VDOE and the state’s public schools work to ensure that everyone’s individual educational needs, safety, and wellness needs are meet. To ensure this the state offers new reforms and resources to teachers to keep them updated on what the newest strategies are. Providing students with social skills to promote wise decision making. Providing schools and families with the technology to improve education and lifestyles.- For students who need Assisted Technology the state will provide funding to help meet the individuals needs. The state will also provide funding for care services for people with disabilities, i.e. Public Partnerships works to provide care to those in need. Providing and maintain safe educational settings and transportation to families. Training is provided for educators and families for education, behavior management, life skills, etc. Local communities have Parent Resource Centers where families can go to find support or activities to aid their children. Parents can talk to other parents or professionals for support any area. They can find out where to receive financial help, child care, or after school activities. They can also find out which local business provide sensory friendly environments.