vocabulary for new clients to be familiar with

these terms are useful for clients to know:

  1. plaintiff-a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
  2. defendant-a person or entity accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person or entity against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
  3. complaint-The pleading that starts a case
  4. summons-an order to appear before a judge or magistrate, or the writ containing it.
  5. pleadings-

    a formal statement of the cause of an action or defense.

    Translate pleadings to
  6. pretrial conference-A meeting of the parties to an action and their attorneys held before the court prior to the commencement of actual courtroom proceedings.
  7. mediation-intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration.
  8. arbitration-the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.
  9. trial-a formal meeting in a court in which evidence about crimes, disagreements, etc., is presented to a judge and often a jury so that decisions can be made according to the law
  10. preponderance of evidence-A standard of proof that must be met by a plaintiff if he or she is to win a civil action.
  11. verdict-a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
  12. appeal-

    apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.