The Great Tragedy Of Nepal

The Quake That Shock Nepal

Powerful Earthquake Hits Nepal

A Magnitude-7.8 Earthquake Centered Less Than 50 Miles From Kathmandu Rocked Nepal With Devastating Force Saturday, April 25.

The Earthquake And Its Aftershocks Have Turned One Of The World's Most Scenic Regions Into A Panorama Of Devastation, Killing And Injuring Thousands.

The Earthquake Killed Approximately 8,600 In Nepal.

2.8 Million Nepalese Were Displaced.

The Earthquake Occured Because Of Two Converging Tectonic Plates - The Indian Plate And The Overriding Eurasia Plate Which Created The Himalayas. According U.s Geological Survey.

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Its epicenter was east of the district of Lamjung, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 15 km. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934, after the Nepal - Bihar Earthquake.

Geophysicists and other experts had warned for decades that Nepal was vulnerable to a deadly earthquake, particularly because of its geology, urbanization and architecture.

On 26th Apri there were continous aftershocks with an interval of 15-20 minutes intervals, with one shock reaching the magnitude of 6.7.

A major aftershock occured on May 12th with a moment magnitude of 7.3. The epicenter was near the Chinese border between the capital of Kathmandu And Mt.Everest.

  • More than 200 people were killed and more than 2,500 were injured by this aftershocks.

Even some areas of India, China And Bangladesh were also affected.

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Support To Nepal From Others

Prime Minister Sushil Koirala called for strong international support. Koirala's cry for help was met with strong support. A team of 45 rescue experts from Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg left on a Belgian military plane, bound for Nepal. India, China, and Pakistan were the first to respond following news of the disaster. India deployed two military transport panes, while Pakistan sent two C-130 aircrafts carrying food and essential supplies, including a 30-bed hospital. Numerous aid groups launched appeals for funds with the charity Christian Aid describing an "urgent need" for emergency shelters, food, clean drinking water, and warm clothing.

Support By International Agencies

Red Cross

Disaster Assistance Response Team

British Organization, etc.

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Challenges Faced By Rescue Team

  1. Heavy Rainfall
  2. Landslides
  3. Building Collapsing
  4. Aftershocks (250 times)
  5. Damaged Infrastructure
  6. Damaged Communication
  7. Damaged Roads

Number Of Deaths In The Neighbouring Countries

  • India - 78 deaths were reported.
  • China - 24 were reportedly dead and 4 were missing from Tibet region.
  • Bangladesh - 4 were reported dead.
  • Mount Everest Based Camp - 19 were reported.

The Himalayan Times, reported that as many as 20,000 foreign nationals may have been visiting Nepal at the time of the earthquake, although reports of foreign deaths were relatively low.

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Measures That Should Be Taken Before An Earthquake

  1. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home.
  2. Learn Fire Extinguisher
  3. Learn How To Turn Off The Gas, Water and Electricity.
  4. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake.
  5. Anchor heavy furniture, cupboards, and appliances to the walls or floor.

Measures That Should Be Taken During And Earthquake

  1. Stay calm! If you're indoors, stay inside. If you're outside, stay outside.
  2. If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and outside doors.
  3. If you're outdoors, stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay away from buildings.
  4. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix.
  5. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops.
  6. Don't use elevators

Measures That Should Be Taken After An Earthquake

  1. Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it
  2. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities.
  3. Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency
  4. Stay out of damaged buildings.
  5. Be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet.
  6. Be careful of chimneys (they may fall on you).
  7. Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
  8. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charg
  9. Expect After Shocks

Done By Megha Babu Rajan Nair (x-c)

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