Inside A Computer

sections of a motherboard

Motherboard Component


CPU is the abbreviation for central processing unit (the processor). The CPU is the brains of the computer where most calculations take place.


The CPU fans job is to cool down the processor when heated.


RAM is an acronym for random access memory. It is the most common type of memory found in computers and other devices, such and printers.


The Northbridge is the chip or chips that connect a CPU to memory.


The Southbridge is the chip that controls all of the computers I/O functions, such as USB.


A VGA (video graphics array) is usually found on video cards, computer monitors, and high definition television sets.


A digital interface standard created by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG) to convert analog signals into digital signals.


Types of Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices and standards.


A network interface controller (NIC), also known as a network interface card is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network.


Something that connects in phones is known as an audio jack.


Short for accelerated graphics port an interface specification.AGP is based on PCI but is designed especially for the throughput demands for 3D graphics.


A PCI is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer. It stands for Payment Card Industry.


PCI Express(PCI-E) (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.


CMOS is a widely used type of semiconductor that uses both NMOS (negative polarity) and PMOS (positive polarity) circuits.

15)SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives.


Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) is a standard interface for connecting a motherboard to storage devices such as hard drives and CD-ROM/DVD drives.