The Religion [By Wyatt Clark 3rd Period]
The Muslim Religion
One interesting fact about Islam followers are called Muslim; Islam: Arabic إِسْلَام (ʾislām, “submission (to the will of God)”). Muslim: Arabic مُسْلِمٌ (múslimun, “one who submits”). The religion of Islam was founded by Muhammad in the 7th century. Muhammad was born sometime around 570 C.E. in Mecca, an ancient place of worship on the Arabian Peninsula. According to Islamic beliefs, in about 610 C.E. Muhammad was called by the angel Gabriel to be a prophet, or messenger of Allah. Allah is the Arabic word for God. Two foundations of Islam are the Qur’an and the Sunnah. The Qur’an is the holy book of Islam. The Sunnah is the term for the example that Muhammad set for Muslims about how to live. The most basic acts of worship for Muslims are called the Five Pillars of Islam. The Qur’an provides general commands to perform these five duties. The Sunnah explains how to perform them, based on Muhammad’s. The two major Muslim holidays are Eid al-Fitr (eed AL-fitr) and Eid al-Adha (eed AL-adh’hah). Eid al-Fitr takes place when Ramadan ends. People attend prayers at a mosque. They wear new clothes, decorate their homes, and prepare special foods. They visit friends and family and exchange gifts. Eid al-Adha is a festival at the end of the hajj in Makkah that also is celebrated by Muslims all over Southeast Asia and the world. In honor of Abraham, some Muslims families sacrifice animals, usually sheep or goats, and share the meat with family, friends, and the poor. The festival lasts for four days, during which Muslims visit friends and family and exchange gifts. Muslim places of worship are called mosques. Praying at a mosque is preferable, although Muslims may worship anywhere. The main room in a mosque, where Muslims worship, has little or no furniture. Everyone sits on the floor to show their equality of status. A niche in one of the walls shows the direction of Makkah. All worshippers face Makkah during their prayers.On Fridays, Muslims gather at a mosque to pray. Women sit apart from the men. Although Muslims set Fridays aside as a special day of prayer, they do not observe Fridays as a Sabbath, or day of rest. Friday is the day of the weekly grand prayer, but Muslims may also gather for prayers during the times of the five daily prayers.
The Qu'ran-The Islamic Holy Book
The Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic. The Koran consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras.
The star and crescent symbol only became associated with Islam in the mid-20th century, in the national flags of various successor states of the Ottoman Empire.
Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Mecca (or Makkah) is a city in Saudi Arabia that is of major religious importance to Muslims. Mecca is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, who converted Arabia to Islam.
The Qu'ran-The Islamic Holy Book
Islam Worship Leader
It is most commonly in the context of a worship leader of a mosque and Muslim community by Sunni Muslims. In this context, imams may lead Islamic worship services, serve as community leaders, and provide religious guidance.
A Muslims view of god is Allah, the one god.
A Muslim place of worship.