Diabetes Type 2

by: Marissa Hernandez

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is when a person has high blood glucose levels (blood sugar) it happens either because insulin production is insufficient or because the body's cells don't respond properly to insulin. Patients with high blood sugar will most of the time experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults or overweight individuals. Type 2 is characterized by high blood glucose resulting from impaired insulin utilization coupled with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production. In other words glucose uses insulin to the production of insulin and glucose comes from the pancreas. From there glucose uses insulin to get entry to the bloodstream without the production of that insulin glucose builds up in your body and cause high glucose levels.

Diabetic diet, Blood sugar monitoring, Exercise

Exercise, or physical activity, includes anything that gets you moving, such as walking, dancing, or working in the yard. Regular physical activity is important for everyone, but it is especially important for people with diabetes and those at risk for diabetes. You don't have to work out all day, everyday but it's very important to get active and stay active. Aerobic exercise, strength training, flexibility exercises/stretching, balance exercises, and activity throughout the day are the types of activities that are recommended for diabetics.

Testing for monitoring your blood sugar occurs before meals, particularly before breakfast, but your doctor will tell you what’s best for your situation. You may test after meals or in the evening to check for low blood sugar levels before you go to sleep. To monitor your blood sugar you will need prick your fingertip using a small device called a lancet — just a drop or two of blood is needed for the test. After putting the blood on a test strip, you insert the strip into a small machine or reader, called a glucometer. The glucometer tells you how much sugar it detects in your blood. Eating right is a big part of managing diabetes. It can make a big difference in keeping your blood sugar level under control.

In a diet plan for type 2 diabetes four of the main things to focus on are carbs, fiber, fat, and salt. Crabs will affect your blood sugar faster than fats or protein. Fiber helps with digestion and blood sugar control. Diabetes makes you more likely to get heart disease so fats need to be illuminated from your diet. Diabetes makes you more likely to get high blood pressure. Too much salt can add risk to that.