During the Civil War

Confederacy and Union Advantages and Disadvantages

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THE CONFEDERACY

Advantages

  • Defensive war
  • Best generals
  • Reason to fight
  • More horses
  • Kept generals for a long time
  • Familiar with the landscape they were fighting on
  • More food crops
  • Higher morale
  • Soldiers had more experience handling guns and doing outdoor work
  • The coastline was longer and took a longer time to travel and capture

Disadvantages

  • Smaller population
  • Did not have an existing government
  • Did not have an existing army
  • Did not have an existing navy
  • Was not able to control the seas and trade
  • Not as good technology
  • Did not produce steel so they did not have railroads or as many weapons
  • Europe did not recognize them as independent so they did not have their support
  • A large chunk of their population were slaves so they had less people available to fight with them
  • Did not have as much money
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THE UNION

Advantages

  • Industry
  • Larger population
  • Existing government in place
  • Existing army
  • Existing navy
  • More railroads because they produced steel
  • Raw materials
  • Controlled the seas because they had a navy
  • Better technology
  • Produced more weapons because they produced steel
  • Freed slaves fought with them
  • Had immigrants to fight with them
  • Had a lot more money

Disadvantages

  • Did not have one or few consistent generals
  • We're not familiar with the landscape they were fighting on
  • More complicated military and political objectives
  • Soldiers were not as experienced with guns and outdoor work
  • The southern coastline was longer therefore it took a longer time to travel and capture
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