Sociological Theories

By Holly, Ania, and Makenzie

The James Marcia Theory

This theory states that their are 4 statuses; identity diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, identity achievement.



Title: James Marcia Theory


Founder of Theory: James Marcia


Elements of Theory: Identity, ideology, occupation, commitment, beliefs




How do we form and shape our identities?

  • We shape our identities by choosing how we behave, our preferences, what we allow to influences us, and what we believe.


In a culture where we are bombarded with ideas and images of “what we should be,” how does one form an identity that remains true and authentic for her/himself?

  • One can remain true to him or herself by not allowing others to influence them and making decisions that will help them.


Goodfriend, Wind. "James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents'

Search for Identity." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

<http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/

james-marcias-identity-theory-understanding-adolescents-search-for-identity.html#

lesson>.

The Theory of Symbolic Interactionism

A theory that human interaction and communication is facilitated by words, gestures, and other symbols that have acquired conventionalized meanings.


Founder: George Herbert Mead


Elements: People attribute to their situations and behaviour, Meaning of symbol systems and how they are represented.


How do we form our identities?

  • By the situations we are in and the by the behaviors of others

In a culture where we are bombarded with ideas and images of “what we should be,” how does one form an identity that remains true and authentic for her/himself?


  • Choose good acquaintances.


Ritzer, George. "Chapter 10." Sociological Theory. Vol. 6. N.p.: McGraw-Hill,

2003. N. pag. Print.

Social Identity Theory

A theory that says self-concept is composed of two key parts: personal identity and social identity. Self-Concept is the perception or image of our abilities and our uniqueness.

Founder: Henri Tajfel


Elements: personality traits,characteristics,groups we belong to,community,college,and religion


Connection to Identity:This connects to identity because it helps you think about who you really are and if you truly know who you are.


Www.psychology.about.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.

<http://psychology.about.com/od/sindex/f/self-concept.htm>.

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