The Dissolution of Monasteries

by Andie Vida

Who was responsible?

Henry Vlll had an ongoing desire to divorce his wife at the time, Catherine of Aragon. Meanwhile Henry was a part of the Roman Catholic religion and church and they believed in "marriage for life", so when Henry proceeded to ask the pope for his permission to divorce her, he rejected. Enraged by the pope's refusal, Henry then took matters into his own hands by creating the now well known Church of England. From then on, rules were going to change significantly and people had no choice but to obey the commands of the King or they could pack their bags and leave England all together.

How This is Cultural Genocide?

Henry Vlll suppressed many monasteries in both direct and indirect ways. He restricted people's ability to worship where they wanted or what they wanted to in England. In March of 1533 he had the "Act of Restraint of Appeals" passed which basically stated that no one in England had power except himself. In years after, Parliament passed more laws that confirmed the seperation of the English church and the Roman Catholic Church, including the Act of Supremacy in 1534. After the Act of Supremecy along with many other laws were passed, Henry continued to destroy and suppress many monasteries mainly to collect their wealth and money for himself.

Some Monasteries Effected

Others Involved

Thomas Cromwell

Thomas Cromwell was Henry Vlll's chief minister from 1532 to 1540. Cromwell met a significant amount of Henry's demands by managing the suppression of many minor monasteries in England, as well as the confiscation of monastic lands and wealth which were all given to Henry Vlll. He was also responsible for devising the idea of how Henry could progressively obtain more power throughout England. Thomas also prohibited the clergy in England by saying they legally could not do certain things having to do with their duties, and attacked their usage of images and historical relics, making them incapable of performing many religious ceremonies and traditions.