Bioethics

Reegyn, Emma, Zach, Chena

Intro

  • Bioengineering is the change of an organism at the genetic level using scientific methods.
  • With bioengineering you can obtain desirable traits by cutting out and inserting genes.
  • Bioengineering has already been implanted in foods, animals, and pharmaceuticals
  • Human engineering is the next step to bioengineering
  • Bioengineering can be used to target and eliminate human genetic disesaes
  • Human engineering can be used to select gender, height, hair color, etc.

Safety

  • It is difficult to control the spread of new genetically altered genes within a population
  • Entire populations are susceptible to the negative effects of Genetic Engineering
  • New altered genes could have long term effects that could affect a population.
  • Tests on animals (specifically Macaque Monkeys) demonstrate the negative effects of altered genes gone wrong.
  • Humans need to one very careful before allowing altered DNA to enter the gene pool.

Authenticity

  • A new threat to human authenticity is biological enhancement.
  • The sports world has already taken action by banning gene doping in the Olympics.
  • People do not want to see people take short cuts in sports.
  • There is steady progress in making genetically enhanced muscles.
  • Athletes want to be experimented on and are willing to pay a lot of money.
  • Gene doping would be hard to detect in sports because the proteins made by the inserted genes would make natural proteins.

Freedom

  • Children would be unable to be themselves, their parents basically choose who they’re going to be.
  • Designing babies takes away the freedom of personality, which usually determines career paths, therefore leaving us with a predetermined society
  • Genetically “happy” kids are content with whatever career path is chosen for them therefore they lose the desire to work hard and advance, creating a larger gap between rich and poor.
  • Genetically modified humans do not get to choose in advance if that is the life they want nor do those not modified get the option to stand among the enhanced.

Equality

  • Undergoing biological enhancement would be a costly process that only the wealthy upper-class would have the advantage of taking part in.
  • So while a quarter of the population is walking around with super strength and intelligence, all of the not enhanced are left in the dust, creating a huge disparity in society.
  • Is living in this world of constant discrimination and competition psychologically healthy?
  • This would also further separate those who are enhanced from those who aren’t when being presented opportunities in academics and sports.

Works Cited

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Bump, Pamela. "Creating Designer Babies Encourages Perfection."ProQuest. N.p., 13 Mar. 2014. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.


Cabrera Trujillo, Laura. "What Is Nanotechnology And Why Does It Matter?: From Science To Ethics." Nanoethics 8.2 (2014): 211-213. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 16 Nov. 2014.

Hoang, Song M. "Build-A-Baby Workshop: Ethics of Designer Babies."Proquest. N.p., 14 Apr. 2014. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
Poniewozik, James. "Better Living Through Steroids." Time International (Canada Edition) 164.25 (2004): 134. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.
Reilly, Matthew T., R. Adron Harris, and Antonio Noronha. "Using Genetically Engineered Animal Models In The Postgenomic Era To Understand Gene Function In Alcoholism." Alcohol Research: Current Reviews 34.3 (2012): 282-291. Health Source - Consumer Edition. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
"The New Ethical Gray Of Animal Biotechnology." World Future Review (World Future Society) 4.4 (2012): 32-37. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
Wittmann, Meike J.1, Wilfried1 Gabriel, and Dirk1 Metzler. "Population Genetic Consequences Of The Allee Effect And The Role Of Offspring-Number Variation." Genetics 198.1 (2014): 311-15S. OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson). Web. 17 Nov. 2014.