Golden Age of Greek

A society still impacting us today

A Thriving Time for a Thriving City

The golden age for Greek was a period of time of advancement and peace. During this time time period technology, education, art, architecture, music & even land flourished with modernness no other society had ever seen. The technology and people had such a great influence that we see it in our life today thousands of years later


Excelling Areas of Ancient Greece

Art & Architecture:


Greece was a society dominated by religion, so much that temples were built magnificently large and beautiful to worship the various gods and show respect to political matters. Several styles came out of this, three being doric, ionic, and corinthian. Sculptures made during this time period are known to be the best made throughout history. Modern artists still imitate the work to this day


Democracy:

In 507 B.C. the political form called "demokratia" or "rule by the people" was introduced to the people of ancient Greece. It was the closest form of democracy and political freedom the world had seen until that point. Yes who had control of the government was limited to only men above 18 years of age who are citizens, but for the first time in ancient history people had a say in their government. This helped form the democracy we use in the U.S.A. today.


Philosophy:

Ancient Greek philosophy shaped the philosophy for most of the western culture. Greek philosophers broke away from the mythological approach and tried to explain the world with evidence and reasoning. Their quest was to identify underlying principles. Socrates, Plato, and Astristotle focused their attention on the role of us as humans than on the role of the material world, which is very uncommon for the time, hence why they are so known.

Socrates

Socrates was most famous for relentlessly questioning people about their beliefs. He worked to find definitions of things such as courage and justice by studying people who claimed to have them. His studies didn't show what the true definition of these things were, but rather show the ignorance of the people. His studies attracted several followers as well as enemies. He was eventually executed for "corrupting" the children of Athens along with not believing in the gods of the city. Ironic enough later philosophers looked at Socrates as a hero.


Plato

Plato combined many beliefs of past philosophers. Socrates was his teacher, and Aristotle was his student, and together they made the fundamentals for western philosophy. He was a founder of an Academy of Athens, which was the first institute which gave students higher end education. He was under the guidance of Socrates until he died, and then traveled to Egypt and Italy to study in Pythagoras. When he returned to Athens he started his own academy and tried to import the teaching styles of Socrates.

Aristotle

As a teenager Aristotle was admitted in Plato's academy. As soon as he finished his education, he became a teacher there. After about 20 years and a marriage, he became chief to a group of philosophers. With them he collected information about zoology and biology. Aristotle taught king Phillip's son, who later became Alexander the Great. Philosophy to him was a science, and his goal was to realize the purpose of all things.

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was a military genius, and pulled off quite possibly one of the greatest military operations in all of history. Alexander at the age of 20 assembled Greek forced and invaded the Persian empire. He captured the city of Thebes and demolished it as a warning to other Greek cities of what he was capable of if they ever tried to rebel his ruling. He was determined to rule the world, he pursued conquering both the north and south. After his death his Empire was destroyed due to fighting over who was then granted power.