the Brandenburg Gate

By: Emily Fricke

Welcome to the Gate!

"To travel hopefully is better than to arrive."

-R. L. Stephenson


In Berlin, Germany standing at sixty-six feet tall, and two hundred-thirteen feet wide stands a sandstone structure. It is located in West Berlin and is the only gate left. It has survived against countless battles and attacks. Standing tall through the times of peace, war, and all in between.

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The Reason

In the 1700s, King Frederick William the second of Prussia declared that there should be a gate that represented peace. Carl Gotthard Langhans was appointed architect of the gate. The site of the Brandenburg Gate was placed over an older city gate. Then, in 1788, the construction of the Brandenburg Gate began. It carried on until 1791 when the project was finally finished.
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A Sandstone Monument

The Brandenburg Gate was made out of sandstone with a statue, called the Quadriga, on top. The Quadriga is actually the goddess of victory, Victoria, being pulled in a chariot by four horses. At the base of the gate is a popular city square called Pariser Platz. The sandstone structure is actually held up by twelve Doric columns. Six of those hold up a transverse beam. There are six walls, enclosing the five different passageways. Back when Germany was governed by monarchy, only the royal family could go through a specific passageway.
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The Quadriga Travels Europe

After the defeat of Prussia in the Battle of Jena-Averstratt, Napoleon brought the Quadriga back to Paris. Then, in 1814, when Gen. Ernst von Pfuel held victory over Napoleon and brought the Quadriga to Prussia. An iron cross was added after the Quadriga was placed back on top the Brandenburg Gate. A little over a century later, in WW2, the gate gained a large amount of damage. Luckily though, it was not completely destroyed.

Welcoming from the Past, Present, & Future

The sandstone monument stands tall. Welcoming newcomers and old visitors alike. According to stadtentwicklung.berlin.de the monument that once stood for peace now stands for victory. and as it is, it welcomes visitors of the past, present, and future.
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Citations

Works Cited


"Brandenburg Gate: A Brief History." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2015.

"Facts on the Brandenburg Gate." Usatoday.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2015.

"Unter Den Linden." Monuments in Berlin / Senate Department for Urban Development and the Environment. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Steamfordfreedomproject.com

de.wikipedia.com