The Principles of Design

Mobeena Azmat

-Balance-

Symmetrical

Symmetry means a mirror imagine. One side is the mirror image of the other. Symmetry can occur in any orientation as long as the image is the same on either side of the central axis.
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Asymmetrical

In asymmetrical balance the imaginary central pivot point is still presumed to be present; however, instead of mirror images on each side of the picture area, the subject elements are notably different in size, shape,weight, tone, and placement.
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-Rhythm-

Repetition

Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated; pattern is a combination of elements or shapes repeated in a recurring and regular arrangement; rhythm--is a combination of elements repeated, but with variations.
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Emphasis

Emphasis is the creation of a focal point. A focal point should be an area that is visually important enough to draw and hold attention.
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-Proportion/Scale-

Proportion

Proportion relates to the general size of two objects without information regarding their actual sizes.
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Scale

Scale refers to the relationship between two or more objects, one that has a commonly known size. In most cases, the size of objects is compared to our own human scale.
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Harmony

Harmony can be described as sameness, the belonging of one thing with another. The repetition of design elements like colour, texture, shape, and form is one of the easiest ways to achieve harmony to create a composition.
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-Adult / Child Scale-

The scale of an object refers to the overall size while proportion refers to the relative size of that object vs. others. To create a room that visually looks right; the furniture should be the proper scale according to the room’s size, but in proportion to the other items in the space.

Child Scale

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Adult Scale

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