Temperate Woodland and Shrubland

Biology Biome Project

Weather and Climate

Temperature: The Chaparral is very hot and dry. The winter is very mild and the low temperature is about 30 degrees F. Summer is hot and dry at up to 100 degrees F.

Precipitation: Annual rainfall is 10-17 inches. Most rain falls in the winter.

There is a noticeable dry and wet season.

Animals

The Shrubland supports small mammals, reptiles and insects.
For Example: Coyotes, Jack rabbits, mule deer, lynx, wild goats, vultures, eagles, lizards, honey bees and praying mantis.

Plants

The types of plants you would find in the Shrublands need very little rain and can tolerate high temperatures.
For Example: Acacia, Scrub oak, Chemise, toyon, yucca, cacti, grasses and aromatic herbs.

Adaptations

Animals: They can adapted to hot weather and dry weather. In special some animals like the jack rabbits have huge ears to regulated their body heat. They fur cover their feet which protected them from the heath of sand. Their color blend with the habitad where they live.

Plants: There are many plants that adapted to the environment where they live. Some plants have large leaves that holds moisture, so they can survive from fire. There are many too that shallow roots extend under the surface of the soils and that helps catching rain water. Many leaves had waxy coatings that reflect the sunlight. Also there are plants that adapt to fire, their seeds will not grow until there is a fire. The seeds casing crack and the seeds will sprout.

Relationship

Competition: They are great due to limited resources such as grass and water.

Limiting Factors

Abiotic : Wild fire and droughts are very common.

Ecological Concerns

The main concern is the large human populations with people living in this dry biome, they are concerned about fire. The fire can take away the food supplies and it can create erosion problems.

REFERENCES:

Blue planet biomes. (2010, 09 23). Retrieved from http://blueplanetbiomes.org/chaparral.htm.

Mission: biomes. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Laboratory/Biome/bioshrubland.html

Habitats: Scrubland. (n.d.) Retrieved from

http://library.thinkquest.org/11922/habitats/scrubland.htm