Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement was a movement in the 1960's to end racial segregation and prejudice. For the most part, this abolished legality to segregate, discriminate, and eradicate societal groups dependent on race and ethnicity, primarily targeted towards African Americans.
Today, the Civil Rights Movement has helped proclaim a positive title for African Americans, and various races. While we still debate on whether or not we live in an equal society, we can safely say that without the Civil Rights Movement, African American employment, social class, and right to fulfill the constitutional opportunity of an American, would be minuscule and would eventually eradicate all opportunity for success in African American society.
The Civil Rights Era helped the unification between all races to create equal opportunities to fulfill constitutional rights. This was created by mainly protests, boycotts, and speeches to gain public view of black oppression. While there were both violent and nonviolent protests, we as a country try to recognize the nonviolent acts of justice, without the thought that change is brought by fighting. These protests helped gain white votes to end racial segregation, soon allowing the federal government to aid in the racial segregation.
In 1896 the Supreme Court approves a doctrine for segregation, known as the "Separate but Equal" doctrine. This justified legal segregation and racial outlaw without the factors of slavery, which was previously abolished. With this doctrine came the legal right to hold prejudiced against one another for their skin color. This quickly led to the ultimate g\segregation of water fountains, public facilities, parks, recreational areas, education, and marriage. This allowed the NAACP to become founded, in hopes to end the segregation, outlaw the doctrine, and instill equality and justice.
BOYCOTT LEADERS TAKE DESEGREGATED BUS
By Forrest Castleberry Published Date: December 21, 1956
“That was a might good ride.”
“It was a great ride.”
The comments came from the Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., respectively, as they stood in Court Square just after completing their first ride on an integrated bus at 7:20 a.m. today.
The two top officials of the Montgomery Improvement Association boarded the South Jackson Street bus at Key Street and South Jackson. King took the third seat from the front and Abernathy sat in front of him on the second seat from the front.
A white minister sat beside King. He was Rev. Glenn Smiley, a native of Texas who is now field secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation with headquarters in New York City.
The ride into the heart of the city was without incident except for the flashing of bulbs by photographers, who had advance word as to when and where King and Abernathy would board the bus and got on at the same time they did.
Light loads marked the early morning trips on the Highland Ave. run and white passengers appeared undisturbed by the few Negroes who boarded the bus and sat near the front.
The white passengers talked about the dreary weather, prospects for a good holiday and the cost of living. They seemed set on avoiding any talk of integration.On returning to Court Square, the bus disembarked its passengers in the midst of a group of Negro leaders and newsmen.