Civil Rights Movement

Camille Thornton

To what degree has the Civil Rights Movement contributed to making the United States a more equal and just society? We can justify this question through context inside of the foundation of the Civil Rights Movement, and our modern push for equality, whether this be between races, genders, or lifestyles.

The Civil Rights Movement was a movement in the 1960's to end racial segregation and prejudice. For the most part, this abolished legality to segregate, discriminate, and eradicate societal groups dependent on race and ethnicity, primarily targeted towards African Americans.

Today, the Civil Rights Movement has helped proclaim a positive title for African Americans, and various races. While we still debate on whether or not we live in an equal society, we can safely say that without the Civil Rights Movement, African American employment, social class, and right to fulfill the constitutional opportunity of an American, would be minuscule and would eventually eradicate all opportunity for success in African American society.

The Civil Rights Era helped the unification between all races to create equal opportunities to fulfill constitutional rights. This was created by mainly protests, boycotts, and speeches to gain public view of black oppression. While there were both violent and nonviolent protests, we as a country try to recognize the nonviolent acts of justice, without the thought that change is brought by fighting. These protests helped gain white votes to end racial segregation, soon allowing the federal government to aid in the racial segregation.

In 1896 the Supreme Court approves a doctrine for segregation, known as the "Separate but Equal" doctrine. This justified legal segregation and racial outlaw without the factors of slavery, which was previously abolished. With this doctrine came the legal right to hold prejudiced against one another for their skin color. This quickly led to the ultimate g\segregation of water fountains, public facilities, parks, recreational areas, education, and marriage. This allowed the NAACP to become founded, in hopes to end the segregation, outlaw the doctrine, and instill equality and justice.


By Forrest Castleberry Published Date: December 21, 1956

“That was a might good ride.”

“It was a great ride.”

The comments came from the Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy and the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., respectively, as they stood in Court Square just after completing their first ride on an integrated bus at 7:20 a.m. today.

The two top officials of the Montgomery Improvement Association boarded the South Jackson Street bus at Key Street and South Jackson. King took the third seat from the front and Abernathy sat in front of him on the second seat from the front.

A white minister sat beside King. He was Rev. Glenn Smiley, a native of Texas who is now field secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation with headquarters in New York City.

The ride into the heart of the city was without incident except for the flashing of bulbs by photographers, who had advance word as to when and where King and Abernathy would board the bus and got on at the same time they did.

Light loads marked the early morning trips on the Highland Ave. run and white passengers appeared undisturbed by the few Negroes who boarded the bus and sat near the front.

The white passengers talked about the dreary weather, prospects for a good holiday and the cost of living. They seemed set on avoiding any talk of integration.On returning to Court Square, the bus disembarked its passengers in the midst of a group of Negro leaders and newsmen.


The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples) is the largest civil rights organization, that forms an allegiance between all races in order to create an equal environment for all citizens in the United States without discrimination, objectification, or oppression. Today, the NAACP ensures political, social, economical, and educational equality to eliminate racial prejudiced and bias for racial discrimination, by enforcing federal and state laws, and publicly educating citizens about past and present racial issues. Without the NAACP, states would eventually revert back to the past without fear or shame.
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The SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) was one of the most important and reliable civil rights group in the nation in the early 1960's. The SNCC was funding by northern support to help aide southern states and African Americans. Over time, the SNCC fought and organized African American federal and state voting, One of the greatest achievements by the SNCC. Freedom riders, voting registration, and African American democracies were a paint struggle for change in this group, bearing and overcoming all odds to create a reliable and safe African American committee around the nation, to practice the us constitution in a peaceful state of mind The SNCC also motivated the modern feminist movement, allowing all women no matter what background, to congregate peacefully and protest for their beliefs, without state or federal offense. SNCC lasted roughly six years, for they felt they had completed their duty to the best of their abilities to create equality among all races, religions, and genders.
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Emmett Till

Emmett Till was a 14 year old African American boy from Chicago, Illinois. He was known to be quite respectful, and well educated for the nations era, yet he lacked cultural diversity and his ability to become street smart. While visiting relatives in Mississippi, he was thought to be flirting and whistling at a white woman; something that was strictly prohibited. This immediately led to two white men beating, torturing, and eventually murdering Emmett Till. The murder of a teenage Chicago boy led to a national riot, questioning morality between all citizens, and an intense need for change and social justice. While the two men were found not guilty, even when openly admitting to the murder, the national upraise helped shift the civil rights movement for a more modern and diligent approach to end racial prejudice and inferiority.

Dorothy Height

Dorothy height was a civil rights and womens rights activist from the early 1930's until her death in 2010. Dorothy is not only known to be the godmother of the womens rights movement, but a female civil rights pioneer. Being a social worker and intense advocate for prejudice and societal justice, as well as being an anti lynching activist, Dorothy was one of the first Americans to begin the interracial American culture, allowing it to become modernly and publicly accepted. Without Dorothy height, Americans would not be able and willing to begin the first phases of learning to accept African Americans, and beginning the process to provide equal rights, education, employment, and voting and constitutional awareness.
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