Canada and Vietnam in 2040

By: Amanpreet Dhillon


In this article you will read how Canada and Vietnam will look like in 2040 compared to now and how it impacts each countries immigration and demography.

Canada's Immigration now (2015)

Did you know that about 250,000 immigrants come to Canada each year?

Canada's net migration is about 196,362 people.

The top 3 countries of immigrants that come to Canada is China, India and Philippines. There are 3 main different types of immigrants that come to Canada:

  • Economic Immigrants- these are immigrants that come to help Canada's economy by working
  • Family Class- these are family members (mothers, fathers, siblings and spouses) that are sponsored by a Canadian citizen to come and visit them by a visa
  • Refugees- these are immigrants that come to Canada to seek safety and shelter because they had to leave their home country due to inhabitable circumstances (war, political problems and even death).

To be a permanent resident of Canada you have to be sponsored or have to pass the Point System test, this test determines whether or not you are a person Canada needs.

The test is based on 6 things:

  • Language Skills- if you can read, write and understand English and French
  • Education- if you have the required amount of education needed to work in that field
  • Experience- if you have the required amount of hours of experience in the field you pick
  • Age- if you are 18 to 35 you get full points, if you are younger you get no points and for every year over 35 you lose 1 point because you are close to retirement
  • Job Arranged in Canada- if you have a job already arranged for you when you reach Canada
  • Adaptability- if you are married, if you have family already living in Canada and what kind of education and experience your spouse has
Immigrating to Canada

This video will explain how to immigrate to Canada and types of immigrants

Canada's Immigration in 2040

I think that the number of immigrants will double up to 400,000 immigrants a year because there will be a lot of pull factors for immigrants to come to Canada. I also think that the immigration rate will increase and also the net migration will increase too. In 2040 I think the Canadian government will make the point system a bit easier because we will need more people to help the economy and help the retired baby boomers.
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Canada's Demography now (2015)

Canada's population is increasing.

Canada's population has increased by 276,297 people or 0.79%.

Canada's natural increase is 2.3/1000 ([BR] 10.1-7.8 [DR] = 2.3).

Canada's growth rate has increased from 0.80 in 2013 to 1.15 in 2014.

The median age for Canada is 41.7 (40.4-male/42.9-female).

The fertility rate in Canada is 1.61 births per women.

22% of Canada's population is over 65.

The pull factors of Canada is that Canada has a lot of job opportunities, a good life style, free health care, low crime rate, multicultural, good education, freedom of speech, rights, welfare and sight seeing.

Some push factors of Canada is that the temperature may not be cut out for some people, the taxes maybe high for some people to pay for, that persons family is not here so he may want to go back, and that person may think that the point system maybe to hard for them to pass so they don't come.

Canada's Demography in 2040

I think that the natural increase will be higher in 2040 than it is now.

I also thinks that the median age will decrease because there maybe a lot more young immigrants coming to Canada and the baby boomers will be in their 90's and 100's which means most of them won't be alive but if health care improves they may live longer.

The fertility rate will probably be the same because women will have a choice of how many kids they want so the fertility rate will be the same.

The % of people over 65 in 2040 may decrease because the bulk of Canada's population will be almost dead by then so the percentage may decrease.

I think that the push factors will probably will remain the same as well as the pull factors

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Canada's Population Pyramid

This is Canada's population pyramid. By looking at the chart, Canada is in stage 4 of the DTM (Demographic Transition Model). This means that there are a low amount of death rate is low but the birth rate is increasing very slowly. The big bulk in the chart are the Baby Boomers from World War II. This chart tells that The population ages are some what similar and stable.

Vietnam's Demography and Immigration


Vietnam's population is increasing.

Vietnam's population has increased by 955,196 people or 1.06%.

The population growth for Vietnam is about 955,196 annually.

Vietnam's natural increase rate is 10.7 ([BR] 16.2-5.5 [DR] = 5.2)

Vietnam's growth rate has increased over the years from 1.08 in 2013 to 1.55 in 2014.

The median age now is 27.4 (26.4-male/28.5-female)

Vietnam's fertility rate is 1.77 children per women.

About 6.9% of Vietnam's population is over 65.


Vietnam's net migration this year is -31,071.

More people are leaving Vietnam than coming as permanent residents

Vietnam in 2040

I think that Vietnam's population will still increase .

I think that Vietnam's natural increase rate will increase to 10.9.

The growth rate will be the same.

The median age will decrease by maybe a few points.

The fertility rate will probably be close to 1.50.

I also think that people will still be emigrating from Vietnam than Immigrating to it.

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Vietnam's Population Pyramid

According to the the chart, Vietnam is in Stage 4 in the DTM. This means that there is a ow death rate and higher birth rate. The Age group with the most population is 20-24 and 25-29. We can also see that there is an even amount of males and females in Vietnam.

Push and Pull Factors for Vietnam

Push Factors

  • Poverty
  • Communist country
  • Unemployment in some areas
  • Low wages
  • Weather
  • Too crowded

Pull Factors

  • Beautiful architecture
  • Cheap currency compared to Canadian money