Father of Modern Genetics
Who is Gregor Mendel?
Gregor Mendel is a "scientist" who learned about heredity, and is also considered The Father of Modern Genetics.
Gregor Mendel had a poor farm family, so it was hard to pay for his schooling, but he did go to a boarding school in Opava, Czech Republic. In 1841 when Gregor was 19 years old he was accepted into the University of Olomouc, to become a teacher. But unable to find a job as one he returned to his parents farm. Mendel's father was injured and he needed money to continue his education, so in 1843 he entered the Augustinian Monastery in Brno, and was christened as "Gregor".
Mendel had to take difficult tests to become a teacher, but sadly every time he took the test, he failed, he took the test four times, and didn't pass it once. The Abbot at the Monastery decided to send Mendel the University of Vienna to sharpen his education, Mendel finished his degree in 1853 and returned to the Monastery. In 1856 Mendel decided to take the teaching test again, but his nerves got the best of him and he stormed out of the exam room. He failed again.
Gregor Mendel used different types of pea plants for his studies on heredity. He also wrote about how to expand the knowledge and understanding of what was known about genetics during his time.
He basically started the process for scientists to come, when he died no one really understood Mendel’s work so left the subject untouched, until 30 years later 3 different scientists found his work and redid his labs and found out the same information that he did and did expand the knowledge and understanding of the people.
- Dominant: A gene that will overpower another gene.
- Recessive: A gene that gets covered up by a dominant gene.
- Co-Dominant: A gene that is neither dominant nor recessive.