Compare and Contrast
Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Behavioral therapy is rooted in the principles of behaviorism, a school of thought focused on the idea that we learn from our environment. In behavioral therapy, the goal is to reinforce desirable behaviors and eliminate unwanted or maladaptive ones. The techniques used in this type of treatment are based on the theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
Classical conditioning involves forming associations between stimuli. Previously neutral stimuli are paired with a stimulus that naturally and automatically evokes a response. After repeated pairings, an association is formed and the previously neutral stimulus will come to evoke the response on its own.
Operant conditioning focuses on how reinforcement and punishment can be utilized to either increase or decrease the frequency of a behavior. Behaviors followed by desirable consequences are more likely to occur again in the future, while those followed by negative consequences become less likely to occur.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral services. (n.d.). Retrieved from NAMI : http://www2.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform_Yourself/About_Mental_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm
Procrastination is based on a learning theory, cognitive therapy can be a good approach for procrastination, however behavior therapy would be the best approach because procrastination is a learning theory, the client can use techniques such as activities to promote focus on not procrastinating on things in life.