Alexander Graham Bell

The Telephone

Alexander's Early Years

Graham bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland on March 3, 1847. He was the only child out of the three who didn't die due to tuberculosis. He received his early education at home from his father. When older he admitted to Royal high School, in Edinburgh, which he left at 15, due to poor performance.

Early Invention

At the early age of 12, Alexander made a de-husking machine for his neighbors to put in their mill. In return for his work, the neighbors gave him a small workshop within the mill he could use to carry out further experiments.


At the age of 23, Bell's brother widow and his parents moved to Canada. He soon built a workshop in a carriage house. By 1874, telegraph message traffic was expanding and there was a great need for a inexpensive way to send multiple telegraph messages on each telegraph line. Bell soon made a Boston laboratory wile traveling back and forth to Canada and Boston. Bell's work on a harmonic telegraph entered a decisive stage.

Final Steps

Bell got financial support from two wealthy patrons but he did not have the basic knowledge to continue with the experiment. He still he did not give up and kept trying. Bell hired Thomas A. Watson, an experienced electrical designer, as his assistant. In 1875, an accident during the experiment led to the sound powered telephone, which was able to transmit voice like sounds.

Boom Goes The Telephone

The Bell Telephone Company was created in 1877. Bell company engineers brought numerous improvements to the telephone making it the most successful product ever. Bell further carried out his experiments in communication. He came up with the photophone-transmission of sound on a beam of light. He also helped the deaf to learn new speech techniques

Final Years

On August 2, 1922 Bell died of diabetes at age 75, leaving behind a wife and two daughters. He was buried at the Beinn Bhreagh Mountain.

During his funeral every phone in North America was silenced in honor of the great inventor