# Ludwig Boltzmann

### Physicist

## Childhood

## Hardships faced during scientific career

## Major experiment or contribution that shaped history

The Boltzmann equation was developed to describe the dynamics of an ideal gas. his equation describes the temporal and spatial variation of the probability distribution for the position and momentum of a density distribution of a cloud of points in single-particle phase space. The first term on the left-hand side represents the explicit time variation of the distribution function, while the second term gives the spatial variation, and the third term describes the effect of any force acting on the particles. The right-hand side of the equation represents the effect of collisions.

The idea that the second law of thermodynamics or "entropy law" is a law of disorder (or that dynamically ordered states are "infinitely improbable") is due to Boltzmann's view of the second law.he second law, he argued, was thus simply the result of the fact that in a world of mechanically colliding particles disordered states are the most probable. oltzmann accomplished the feat of showing that the second law of thermodynamics is only a statistical fact. The gradual disordering of energy is analogous to the disordering of an initially ordered pack of cards under repeated shuffling, and just as the cards will finally return to their original order if shuffled a gigantic number of times, so the entire universe must some day regain, by pure chance, the state from which it first set out.

## Awards and acknowledgements

These are some of the best things he's know I look at these as his rewards because he's acknowledged for them.

## Sources

- "Ludwig Boltzmann."
*Wikipedia*. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. - "Ludwig Boltzmann."
*Ludwig Boltzmann*. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. - "Ludwig Boltzmann."
*Famous Scientists*. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. - Uffink, Jos. "Boltzmann's Work in Statistical Physics."
*Stanford University*. Stanford University, 17 Nov. 2004. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. - "Ludwig Boltzmann."
*Boltzmann Summary*. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

## Extra Credit

I also feel that he is the best because he worked with the kinetic theory that has made a huge impact on science. he also is one of the first to work with speeds and gas. Not every scientist and philosopher can do that. He also has a lot of degree's and although he often didn't get along with his colleagues he didn't let that stop him. No matter what you call him Physicist, Philosopher, or professor he has impacted everyone not only science.