Johnson's Plan

Angelo Michel


  • Each state had to withdraw it's secession and swear allegiance to the Union.
  • Ratify 13th Amendment.
  • No pardons to high ranking Confederates or people owning property over $20,000.

Freedmen's Bureau

The Freedmen’s Bureau provided food, housing and medical aid, established schools and offered legal assistance to freed slaves after the war. Andrew Johnson vetoed the Freedmen's Bureau because he wanted the states to deal with the freed slaves.

Civil Rights Act of 1866

The Civil Rights Act of 1866 granted citizenship and the same rights to all male persons in the United States "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude." Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 because he did nor agree with all of the things stated in the bill.

Black Codes

The Southern states enacted a series of restrictive laws known as “black codes,” which were designed to restrict freed blacks’ activity and ensure their availability as a labor force now that slavery had been abolished.

  • Freedmen could not assemble without the presence of a white person.
  • Freedmen were assumed to be agricultural workers and their duties and hours were tightly regulated.
  • Freedmen were not to be taught to read or write.
  • Public facilities were segregated.

Was life better for freed slaves?

Life was not that much better because freed slaves were treated the same if not worse in the South. All of the documents that could have helped freed slaves become more accepted in society were shut down by Andrew Johnson.